Kaip kalbėti apie mažas valstybes? Mažumo reikšmių analizė

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Kaip kalbėti apie mažas valstybes? Mažumo reikšmių analizė
Alternative Title:
How should we discuss small states? Analysing the definitions of smallness
In the Journal:
Politologija. 2016, Nr. 2 (82), p. 32-74
Keywords:
LT
Tarptautiniai santykiai; Užsienio politika; Saugumo politika; Lyginamoji analizė; Lietuva; Naujoji Zelandija.
EN
International relations; Foreign policy; Security policy; Lithuania; New Zealand.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje nagrinėjama, kaip tarptautinių santykių disciplina apibrėžia ir aiškina mažų valstybių problematiką. Išskiriant pagrindinius klausimus, formuluojama iki šiol mažų valstybių studijų lauke plačiai netaikyta poststruktūralistinė teorinė ir metodologinė prieiga, kreipianti dėmesį į mažumą, kaip šalies identiteto dimensiją, ir reikšmes, kuriomis buvimas maža valstybe yra formuluojamas, siejamas arba sietinas su saugumo bei užsienio politika. Pateikiama Lietuvos ir Naujosios Zelandijos atvejų analizė ir jų palyginimas pristatant pagrindines mažumą apibrėžiančias reikšmes, jų santykį su saugumo bei užsienio politika. Remiantis atlikta analize, pasiūlomi į studijų lauko plėtojimą referuojantys principai, kurie gali būti svarbūs toliau tiriant ir aiškinant mažas valstybes. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe study aims to explain the ways to discuss about small states and their foreign and security policy. Most of the academic publications dedicated to analyse the definition of a small state provide different definitions based on different theories of International Relations, which also include various explanations on how size determines the behavior of a small state. These generalised explanations seem to be very limited because they are not able to give a clear understanding of why the so-called small states exercise different foreign and security policy. Therefore, another view point is chosen – to analyse the ways how states understand their smallness and what meanings define this category of size. The research is based on poststructuralism in International Relations. Two chosen cases – Lithuania and New Zealand – prove that despite the fact that both countries are understood as small, the perception of smallness and its relevance are very different. Five sizes (physical, normative, political, sovereignty and perception), used as a methodological tool, show that various meanings of being a small country are affected not only by physical size. Other factors, such as the geopolitical situation, historical memory, experience and attitude towards the international system, should be taken into consideration while analysing small states and their foreign and security policy. A reflection of being a small country also shows that smallness is a political concept. Therefore, orthodox questions on what are the small states and how they behave can be changed to another one: how countries choose to be small and what they do with the different narratives of smallness. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1392-1681; 2424-6034
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Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/62763
Updated:
2018-12-17 14:08:09
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