Lokalių Europos puošybos stilių įtaka I tūkstantmečio vidurio baltų genčių ornamentikai

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knygos dalis / Part of the book
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Lokalių Europos puošybos stilių įtaka I tūkstantmečio vidurio baltų genčių ornamentikai
Alternative Title:
Influence of local styles of decoration used in Europe upon ornamentation used by Baltic tribes in the middle of the first millennium
Archeologija; Baltai; Baltų gentys, didysis migracinis periodas, ornamentai; Didysis tautų kraustymasis; Geležies amžius; Juvelyrika; Ornamentavimas; Puošyba.
Archaeology; Baltic tribers, great migration period, ornaments; Balts; Decoration; Iron Age; Jewelry; Migration Period; Ornamentatio.
Summary / Abstract:

ENDuring the second half of the 5th and the 6th centuries, the Baltic tribes underwent a strong cultural influence of the Migration period, which was reflected in the patterns and style of ornaments. During the second half of the 5th and the 6,h centuries the Baltic tribes started using geometric motifs like semicircle, concentric circles, triangles filled with the motifs typical to the 5th - 6th centuries, as well as the C and S shaped motifs, X and a double X and a swastika. centuries the main elements in the geometric designs by the Baltic tribes. These motifs were characteristic to other peoples of the Migration period too. In Europe, the above mentioned ornamentation motifs manifested themselves a little bit earlier, in the 4,h and the 5th centuries, they disappeared in the 6th - 7th centuries. Of all the geometric motifs used by the Baltic tribes in the period of the second half of the 5th and 6th century, only triangle and X motifs survived into the later centuries, to become in the 7th - 11th. The ornamentation style of the Baltic tribes was impacted by a transformed form of the elements in the local styles (Sösdala, Sjörup, Nydam, Wiesbadene, Untersiebenbrunn, Jutish A) of the middle of the 4th century and 5th century. In Lithuanian archeological material we can see only reflections of mentioned above local styles. The ornamentation patterns of the Baltic tribes in the 5th and 6,h centuries are characterized by the use of the star motif, which was a cultural influence of the Sösdala style. More complex and varied star motifs were more typical to the western Balts. In Lithuanian archeological material more tipical influences come from Sösdala and Untersiebenbrunn styles, but both styles one can see only like more or less reflections. From local styles ornaments with relief surface to appear; silver gilt and silver nielloed works became common. [From the publication]

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2017-12-22 15:29:59
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