Роль Матвея десятого в православной культуре Великого Княжества Литовского

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knygos dalis / Part of the book
Rusų kalba / Russian
Роль Матвея десятого в православной культуре Великого Княжества Литовского
Alternative Title:
Role of Matthew the tenth in the Orthodox culture of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
In the Book:
Prawosławni w dziejach Rzeczypospolitej / pod red. Urszuli Pawluczuk. Białystok: Fundacja "Oikonomos", 2010. P. 27-35. (Latopisy Akademii Supraskiej ; vol. 1)
Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė; Lietuvos XVI a. istorija; Motiejus X; Raštininkai; Stačiatikių bažnyčia; Stačiatikių kultūra; Supraslio vienuolynas Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė; Vienuoliai.
Lithuanian XVI c. history; Matthew the Tenth; Monks; Orthodox Church; Orthodox culture; Suprasl Monastery; The Grand Duchy of Lithuania; The Great Duchy of Lithuania; Writer.
Summary / Abstract:

ENMatthew Ivanovich the Tenth was a professional scribe and calligrapher of the beginning of the XVI century, originating from the territory of Muscovite Russia. He played an eminent role in the history of the orthodox culture of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. He is famous for the unique, copied by him, collection of biblical books, which he accomplished in 1502-1507. He was the first in Lithuania to undertake this work. His collection includes almost all of the biblical books, except for Pentateuch and some historical books. The collection was accomplished on a very high professional level. It is remarkable for its excellent artistic decoration (amongst others 250 polychromic initials), coloured interior repartition of the text of the New Testament, changes in the type of writing depending on the text, demonstration of three types of alphabet (Cyrillic, Greek and Hebrew), application of three different systems of cryptography. In the same manuscript Matthew wrote also his autobiography and used the musical notation. Matthew was probably one of the first scribes in the Suprasl monastery, the first one to be known by his name. It appears that he was also the founder of the Suprasl scriptorium. Matthew is also considered the author of the monographic principle on which was based the third version of the "Ismaragd" - a non-calendar collection of patristic texts of quite constant contents (it included teachings of St John Chrysostom, St Basil the Great, St Ephrem the Syrian, St Athanasius of Alexandria, St Cyril of Alexandria, teachings of the apostles and the Church Fathers). [From the publication]

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2018-09-01 18:53:54
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