Reflektyviojo modelio taikymo teorinės prielaidos socialinių darbuotojų rengime

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Reflektyviojo modelio taikymo teorinės prielaidos socialinių darbuotojų rengime
Alternative Title:
Theoretical assumptions of reflection training model in social workers training
In the Journal:
Socialinis ugdymas [Social Education]. 2013, Nr. 2 (34), p. 139-149
Keywords:
LT
Refleksija; Reflektyvusis modelis; Socialinio darbo programa; Socialinio darbo studijų programa; Supervizija / Supervision.
EN
Reflection training model; Reflection; Social work program; Social work study program.
Summary / Abstract:

LTSocialiniame visuomenės gyvenime vykstantys pokyčiai reikalauja tobulinti socialinio darbo specialistų rengimo procesą ir ugdyti praktiškai, individualiai, kūrybiškai, kritiškai mąstantį socialinį darbuotoją, gebantį aktyviai ir savarankiškai spręsti iškylančias problemas praktinėje socialinio darbo veikloje. Straipsnyje pristatoma socialinio darbuotojo profesijos įsitvirtinimo raida, gilinamasi į socialinio darbo programų rengimo ir jo tobulinimo eigą Lietuvoje. Straipsnyje siekiama aktualizuoti palyginti naują europinę dimensiją – reflektyvųjį mokymo modelį, skatinantį ankstesnės veiklos analizę ir naujos veiklos projektavimą. Aptariama reflektyviojo modelio elementų – refleksijos ir supervizijos – samprata, analizuojama jų praktinio taikymo reikšmė ir galimybės studijų procese ir praktinėje socialinio darbuotojo veikloje. [Iš leidinio]

ENSocial work is a new and rapidly developing area of activity whose general purpose is to assist community members who have faced economic, social, psychological and other kinds of hardship. As a profession in Lithuania social work dates back to 1991, when after the restoration of independence the country carried out deep economic and social reforms which involved the reshaping of the social assistance infrastructure and building of legal foundation for the provision and development of social services. The evolving society and its social policy have shaped the prospects for social work and demand for new types of occupation and skills. A new profession gains its status when it combines the following elements (Lumbery, Postle, 2007): specialists are trained at educational institutions, a high level of professional expertise is attained, theory is backed by practice, work entails social responsibility, a code of ethics is used to sustain the standards of social workers’ activity and the services provided. During this very brief period of 22 years, social work in Lithuania has gained acknowledgement and created a history of its own where every development phase is significant in advancing changes in the creation of the social welfare system as well as in boosting professional qualities of social workers. An important measure of social work development is education and training of social workers. In Lithuania it started in 1991-1992 when social worker study and training programmes were introduced at Vilnius and Vytautas Magnus universities as well as at Utena College.The study programmes were developed on the basis of Western experience which promotes the reflective social work model consisting of knowledge, values and skills, and reflects a link between theory and practice, an interaction between personal and professional experience which is of critical importance in the process of professional development of a social worker (Walace, 1991; Dirgėlienė, 2008). The reflective model approach allows a holistic view of the study process for would-be social workers, hence it is important to reveal the model’s structure and key aspects. The ideas of the reflective model are laid down in the main social worker training document, the study programme. Its aim is to provide students with the basic university-level social work education and develop professional competences, i.e. to acquire the theoretical basis of the occupation, underlying professional skills and values which enable social workers to assist the clients in resolving their social issues. The structure and contents of the social worker study programmes are undergoing changes due to the ever developing local and foreign social and education policy landscape. These changes in the study programmes must be modelled into the social worker’s expertise, thus meeting the challenges of the 21st century. Social changes taking place in society requires social work to improve the training process and to develop practical, individual creativity, critical thinking social worker who is able to actively and independently solve problems in practical social work activities. This paper presents a social worker profession entrenchment evolution delves into social work training programs and course development in Lithuania. This paper seeks to actualize the relatively new European dimension – reflection training model that encourages past performance analysis and a new operating model design. [...]. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1392-9569; 2351-6011
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/54010
Updated:
2020-07-28 20:26:15
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