Lietuvių tarmių tinklas: jo ištakos ir optimizacija

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Lietuvių tarmių tinklas: jo ištakos ir optimizacija
Alternative Title:
Network of Lithuanian dialects: the sources and optimisation
In the Journal:
Acta linguistica Lithuanica. 2013, t. 68, p. 71-91
Antanas Salys; Lietuvių kalbos atlasas; Tarmės.
Antanas Salys; Atlas of the Lithuanian Language; Lithuanian dialects.
Summary / Abstract:

ENGeolingvistikos pradžia Lietuvoje sietina su kalbininko Antano Salio veikla. Straipsnyje pateikiama argumentų, įrodančių, kad „Lietuvių kalbos atlaso" (1977-1991) kūrėjai iš esmės rėmėsi Salio ir jo talkininkų įdirbiu: jie naudojosi tuo pačiu, tačiau kiek pakoreguotu gyvenamųjų vietovių tinklu. Lietuvių kalbos atlaso punktų tinklas nepakito ir įsitvirtinus dabartinei lietuvių tarmių klasifikacijai. Taip buvo palikta galimybė tolesnei lietuvių tarmių raidos stebėsenai ir tyrimams. [From the publication]It was believed for some time that the network of Lithuanian dialects' inhabited settlements was made when the collection of material for the "Atlas of the Lithuanian Language" began. However, there are increasingly more arguments which suggest that the consolidation of geolinguistics in Lithuania should be first of all linked with the name of the linguist Antanas Salys, which means that it should be dated by the 1930s, when preparations were made for intensive collection of dialectal material on the initiative of Salys and his colleagues. At that time, the Ministry of Education organised a free course for researchers of dialects; Jurgis Gerulis' and Christian Stang's monograph "Lietuvių žvejų tarmė Prūsuose I Das Fischerlitauisch in Preussen" (Dialect of Lithuanian Fishermen in Prussia; 1933) which was to be a model of descriptive dialectology was published; the first questionnaire "Apklausa 1" was made, according to which lexical data were collected from almost all localities of Lithuania. Therefore, it is quite possible that a project of the main map of word geography was then drawn because data were collected systematically. The article includes arguments that prove that the authors of the "Atlas of the Lithuanian Language" (1977-1991) drew on the work of Salys and his colleagues: with some changes made, they used the same network of inhabited settlements. The network of points of the "Atlas" remained unchanged after the present classification of Lithuanian dialects was consolidated, leaving an opening for further observation and research of the development of Lithuanian dialects. [From the publication]

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2018-12-17 13:36:33
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