Švietimo reforma Rytų Lietuvoje (devintasis Lietuvos lenkinimo laikotarpis)

Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knygos dalis / Part of the book
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Švietimo reforma Rytų Lietuvoje (devintasis Lietuvos lenkinimo laikotarpis)
Alternative Title:
Reform of education in East Lithuania (the ninth period of the polonisation of Lithuania)
Keywords:
LT
Etninės lietuvių žemės; Krašto istorija; Kraštotyra; Lenkinimas; Lenkiškos mokyklos; Lenkų kalba; Lietuviškos mokyklos; Rytų Lietuva; Sociolingvistika.
EN
East Lithuania; Eastern Lithuania; Ethnic Lithuanian land; Lithuanian schools; Local history; Local studies; Polish schools; Polonisation; Polonization; Sociolinguistics; The Polish language.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje apibendrinamas naujausias Lietuvos lenkinimo laikotarpis, prasidėjęs po Lietuvos Respublikos atkūrimo 1990 m. kovo 11d. Aptariama Lietuvos lenkų kilmė ir kalba. Atskleidžiami lenkinimo šaltiniai (Lenkijos Respublika, Lietuvos valstybinės institucijos, Lietuvos lenkų partija, visuomeninės organizacijos ir bažnyčia) ir priemonės (valdžia, mokykla, bažnyčia). [Iš leidinio]

ENThe polonisation of East Lithuania started with this sequence of events: baptism of Lithuania with the help of Polish speaking priests in 1387, the Lublin Union in 1569, the plague in 1711, the division of Lithuania and its annexation to Russia during the period of 1772 – 1795, the prohibition of the Lithuanian press and schools during 1864 – 1904, the Polish occupation during 1919 – 1939 and the USSR occupation during 1944 – 1990. During the past 100 years the Polish language was used along the border of the Vilnius and Šalčininkai region (Paberžė, Nemenčinė and Pabradė). In the other regions the Polish language consisted of Byelorussian dialect. The people put themselves down as Poles or were registered as Poles after 1918 because they were catholics, lived in "Poland" (that is in the occupied territory), their children attended Polish compulsory school as required by the priests, officials, teachers, neighbours, Polish army. They wanted and could repatriate from collective farms to Poland, they could avoid joining the army and acquire a more prestigious nationality. The ninth period of the polonisation of Lithuania begins in 1990. It is realized by Polish and Lithuanian governments (Vilnius and Šalčininkai local administrations), Polish party, public organizations and church. [From the publication]

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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/38443
Updated:
2016-09-03 18:15:01
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