Kultūrinis ir istorinis mecenatystės fenomeno įprasminimas LDK Renesanso epochos lotyniškai rašiusių poetų kūryboje

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Kultūrinis ir istorinis mecenatystės fenomeno įprasminimas LDK Renesanso epochos lotyniškai rašiusių poetų kūryboje
Alternative Title:
Cultural and historical understanding of the phenomenon of patronage in the works of the poets of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the Renaissance
In the Journal:
Acta Academiae Artium Vilnensis [AAAV]. 2011, t. 60, p. 25-36. Dangiškieji globėjai, žemiškieji mecenatai
Keywords:
LT
Mecenatystė; LDK; Renesansas; Poezija lotynų kalba.
EN
Patronage; Grand Duchy of Lithuania; Renaissance; Latin poetry.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje aptariamas mecenatystės fenomenas, labiausiai istoriškai ir kultūriškai apmąstytas Renesanso laikais. Lietuvos Didžiosios Kunigaikštystės (toliau - LDK) literatūroje apie neišvengiamą mecenatystės naudą valstybės gerbūviui kalbėjo Jonas iš Vislicos, Mikalojus Husovianas, kiti vėlyvojo Renesanso poetai. Iš rytinių Vokietijos žemių kilęs Johanas Milijus, tarnavęs dvaro poetu pas kunigaikštį Grigorijų Chodkevičių, savo teoriniuose svarstymuose ir poetinėje kūryboje kalbėjo apie mokslų globėjiškumą. Ši įtaka atkeliavo iš Vokietijos humanistų idėjų, skleidžiamų Johanno Reichlino, Adamo Schröderio, Danieliaus Hermanno ir kitų poetų kūryboje. Savo originalų mecenato paveikslą ir jo vietą visuomenėje aprašė poetas Jonas Radvanas knygoje Radviliada (1592). Renesanso epochoje mecenatystės, mokslų globėjiškumo tema buvo labai populiari daugelio LDK poetų kūryboje. Gajaus Mecenato kalba rašiusių senųjų LDK poetų žodžiai - tai kreipimasis per epochas į kitas kartas, kvietimas puoselėti geriausias mecenatystės tradicijas. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe phenomenon of patronage was a repeated object of study in various forms of art. As far as literary monuments are concerned, this issue was considered to be a precondition for the appearance of a variety of literary works (works of S. Łempicki, A. Sajkowski, A. Skepjan). But if we refer to the ancient literature of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, it appears that the authors ofthat epoch - "the epoch of the omnipotence of the poets able to immortalize events and people" (J. Nowak-Dlużewski) - left from their deserving attention discussions concerning the essence and goals of patronage. Ioannes Visliciensis (in his prose address to the master Pavel Russin from the book Prussian War, 1516) was among the first to draw attention to the connection between the public recognition of a piece of art and the patronage of a famous and authoritarian person. Nicolaus Hussovianus developed his ideas concerning the vital necessity that the prosperity of the state played in patronage in the dedication of the poem Carmen de statura... bisontis (1523) addressed to the Queen Bona Sforza. The poets of the Late Renaissance also dealt with the topic mentioned above. Johannes Mylius, German by birth, the poet laureate of the prince Hrehory Chodkewicz, proved the necessity of extending patronage to sciences, first of all, to philology, not only in his theoretical discourses but also in his poetic works. Of course, here one should note the influence of German humanists, especially Johann Reuchlin. Similar considerations were expressed by Adam Schroether (in the prose dedication of the poem About the Lithuanian river Neman (1682)), also by Franciscus Gradovius (in the epigram to the coat of arms of Radzivil Family from the introduction to the poem Description of the Moscow expedition of Christopher Radzivil (1582)).The Vilna poet Ioannes Radvanus expressed in artistic form his original vision of the image of patronage and its role in society in his book Radivilias, or About life and feats... of Nicolai Radzivil (1592). The fact that the topic of patronage and the protection of sciences was popular and relevant for many poets of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, is testimony of the high spiritual atmosphere which was created, developed and actively promoted by the courts of major magnates of our state in the 16th century. It was namely that epoch which gave powerful stimulus to the spiritual development of many present-day people. [From the publication]

ISBN:
9786094470158
ISSN:
1392-0316
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Updated:
2018-12-17 13:09:29
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