Lietuvos Kalvarijų kryžiaus kelių giesmių literatūrinių ir muzikinių tekstų kilmė: vietos ar atneštinė tradicija?

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Lietuvos Kalvarijų kryžiaus kelių giesmių literatūrinių ir muzikinių tekstų kilmė: vietos ar atneštinė tradicija?
Alternative Title:
Origins of literary texts and musical material of religious songs and chants associated with the Way of the Cross at Lithuanian calvaries: is it a local tradition or a borrowed one?
In the Journal:
Lituanistica. 2011, Nr. 1, p. 81-92
Keywords:
LT
Kryžiaus kelias; giesmė; literatūrinis ir muzikinis tekstas.
EN
Lithuania; Way of the Cross; religious song; literary and musical text.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje tyrinėjamas Lietuvos Kalvarijų Kryžiaus kelių giesmių literatūrinių ir muzikinių tekstų ištakų klausimas – ar jie yra vietos, ar atneštinės tradicijos? Tyrimo išvados pagrindžia darbo pradžioje iškeltą prielaidą, kad Lietuvos Kalvarijų Kryžiaus kelių giesmės daugiausia yra atneštinės iš Lenkijos analogų, bet jų melodijos nutolusios nuo originalų. [Iš leidinio]

ENIn most cases, the origins of Lithuanian Catholic religious songs and chants (both originally created and translated ones) are far from being completely revealed and well examined even today. Contemporary Catholic hymnals usually consist of religious songs and chants meant for special yearly celebrations and feasts indicated in the Liturgical Calendar as well as hymns to the Saviour, the Holy Spirit and the Holy Trinity, the Virgin Mary, different saints and martyrs. Popular devotional traditions and prayer practices such as funeral canticles, Marian Hours, the Chanted Rosary of the Virgin Mary, the Chanted Rosary of the Holy Name of Jesus, the Chants of Lamentations, the Way of the Cross, the Way of the Cross at the Calvaries are never omitted, either. The prayer practice of the Way of the Cross at the Calvaries not only includes paying visits to the Stations of the Cross or special chapels and the performance of various religious rituals in front of them, but also places a special emphasis on the extensive repertoire of traditional songs, chants and hymns. Discussions about the originality of these songs and their authors are inseparable from the question of their succession. This problem is tightly related to the analysis of both original and translated hymns. The main objective of the research has been to reveal the origins of literary texts and musical material of the above-mentioned religious songs and chants. It is aimed to find a reliable answer to the question whether literary and musical notographic texts of different songs and chants typically associated with the Way of the Cross at Lithuanian Calvaries, should be regarded as a local tradition or as a borrowed one. Additional analysis might be useful if one is eager to entirely reveal the true meaning and originality of the devotional tradition to follow the Way of the Cross at Lithuanian Calvaries.The results obtained in the aftermath of this research provided the possibility to make the following conclusions: 1) following the tradition, the hymnal originally meant for people following the Way of the Cross at Lithuanian Calvaries consisted of 25 religious songs; 2) upon analyzing the literary texts and musical material of 25 songs, it became obvious that five of them originated from Latin and the other six texts were created in the Lithuanian tradition. Meanwhile, 14 texts were originally created in Polish; 3) after analyzing the music and texts of 25 songs, it became obvious that five of them originated from Latin and four texts were created in the Lithuanian tradition, whereas 13 texts were originally created in Polish (four songs in the same tune); 4) over time, the melody of the songs were changing. From the 25 songs, four remained original. The melody of 13 songs was processed in the Lithuanian tradition and become far from the original, and eight are copies. These conclusions provide a firm ground for the assumption that has been made at the very beginning of the study that music associated with the Way of the Cross at Lithuanian Calvaries is mostly borrowed from Polish equivalents. It should be noted, however, that certain melodies happen to be very distant from their original versions. [From the publication]

ISSN:
0235-716X; 2424-4716
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Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/31489
Updated:
2018-12-17 13:03:10
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