Žemės naudmenų kaitos analizė agroūkinio zonavimo teritorijose

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Žemės naudmenų kaitos analizė agroūkinio zonavimo teritorijose
Alternative Title:
Analysis of the change of farming lands in the territories of agro-economic zoning
In the Journal:
Ekonomika ir vadyba: aktualijos ir perspektyvos. 2010, Nr. 3 (19), d. 1, p. 92-102
Notes:
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Agrarinis zonavimas; Alternatyvi veikla; Kaimo plėtra; Žemės naudmenos; Agrarian zoning; Alternative activity; Farming land; Rural development.
Keywords:
LT
Agrarinis zonavimas; Alternatyvi veikla; Kaimas. Kaimai / Villages. Country; Plėtra / Development; Žemės naudmenos.
EN
Agrarian zoning; Alternative activity; Farming land; Rural development.
Summary / Abstract:

LTŽemė yra gamtos dalis, žmogaus gyvenimo ir veiklos pagrindas, taip pat ir nekilnojamasis turtas, kuriuo disponuojama žemės santykių procese. Žemė turi būti naudojama suderinant privačius ir visuomeninius interesus bei aplinkos apsaugos reikalavimus. Ypač aktualus šis klausimas yra dabartiniu metu, kadangi baigus žemės reformą kaimo vietovėse labai svarbu tinkamai panaudoti žemės naudmenas pagal tikslinę paskirtį, žemėtvarkos specialistams ir žemės naudotojams bei institucijoms, kurios koordinuoja žemės naudojimo ir tvarkymo darbus. Straipsnyje siekiama išanalizuoti ar žemės naudmenų kaitą įtakoja skirtingas žemės našumo balas, erozijos procesai ir gamtinės, klimatinės sąlygos, bei žemės tinkamumas formuoti didelius, konkurencingus ūkininkų ūkius. [Iš leidinio]

ENLand is part of nature which must be used combining private, public interests and requirements of environmental protection. Especially relevant this question became now when connecting with the end of land reform agricultural land in rural areas must be suitably used according it‘s purpose. The elements of nature, both natural and cultural have significant influence upon our life. Social, economical and ecological processes condition the composition of our country‘s farming lands. Farming lands are land areas that differ from other land areas in natural features (characteristic to these areas) or in speculiarities of economic use. In Lithuania, large farming land areas consisting of 500 - 600 ha are not used for agricultural purposes. Small, semi-natural farms dominate in our country. Unreasonable land tenures, small farms, the lack of cooperation and farmers‘ aging tendencies are main factors impeding the competitive development of agricultural sector. The statistical data of 2001-2010 shows the general trend for the increase of forest areas and the decrease of unused land areas. In the Master Plan of the Republic of Lithuania (approved in 2002) 7 zones of agricultural specialization were singled out. 21 districts falling into different territories of agro-economic zoning were chosen and analysed in the article. The change of farming lands shows the possibilities and perspectives of land use. It is possible to single out factors influencing land use in the territories of agro-economic zoning.They are as follows: 1) percentage of agricultural farming lands from the total zone area; 2) soil sensitivity for the intense land cultivation; 3) productivity grade of agricultural farming lands; 4) favorable conditions for the formation of large farms. Evaluating the change and factors of farming lands it is possible to state that the zones of Middle Lithuania, the Nemunas lower reaches and the Pajūris plain have the most perspective conditions for the formation of large and medium sized land plots. Usually the land of low productivity is being abandoned 2) fulfillment of the program over the increasing of woned. Therefore, non-traditional agricultural activity should odlands. Predominate in the territories of unproductive land. The According to agricultural land analysis, it‘s possible areas of unproductive land should be afforested. In order to stop the negative impact on the change of areas and the decrease of agricultural farming lands. Land productivity grade, soil sensitivity for erosion rural areas. It is assumed that it would be purposeful to pay attention to these factors when planning land use in agro economic. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1648-9098; 2424-337X
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/30411
Updated:
2018-12-17 12:52:45
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