Emerging of market economy in Lithuania (1990-2010)

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Anglų kalba / English
Title:
Emerging of market economy in Lithuania (1990-2010)
Alternative Title:
Rinkos ekonomikos susidarymas Lietuvoje 1990-2010 metais
In the Journal:
Intelektinė ekonomika . 2011, Nr. 3(11), p. 371-387
Notes:
LDB Open.
Keywords:
LT
BVP; Lietuva; Lietuvos ekonomikos nestabilumas; Nacionalinė sąskaityba; Perėjimas į rinkos ekonomiką; Rinkos ekonomika
EN
GDP; Lithuania; Market economy; National accounting; Transition to market economy; Volatility of Lithuanian economy
Summary / Abstract:

LTUžsienio literatūroje beveik neabejojama, kad Lietuva pažengusi į priekį privatizavimo, kainų liberalizavimo, atviros ekonomikos srityse. Kita vertus, oficialios statistikos duomenys rodo, kad šaliai nepavyksta pasiekti tvaraus ekonomikos augimo. Straipsnyje apžvelgiama sudėtinga šiuolaikinė Lietuvos ekonomikos raida (tokie struktūriniai pokyčiai, kaip deficito ekonomikos persistruktūravimas, prekybos liberalizacijos poveikis, infliaciniai burbulai šešėlinėje ekonomikoje) ir nacionalinės apskaitos metodologija, iš dalies nesugebanti atspindėti šių pokyčių. Yra požymių, kad nacionalinė sąskaityba per žemai vertina Lietuvos bendrąjį vidaus produktą (BVP) per pradinį reformų laikotarpį 1989–1994 ir rinkos formavimosi laikotarpį 1994–2003, taip pat pervertina didėjimą 2004–2008 ir kritimą 2008–2009 metais. Remiantis modifikuotais pajamų duomenimis, ilgalaikis augimas vertinamas 5,3 proc., jį galima naudoti prognozuojant būsimą Lietuvos gerovę. [Iš leidinio]

ENLooking through international literature one can see that almost nobody doubts that Lithuania is advanced in terms of privatization, price liberalisation, opening of its economy. On the other hand, official statistical figures are providing indications that country is failing to assure stable economic development. The article provides a look into the complex developments of contemporary Lithuanian history (structural changes, such as decomposition of the shortage economy, effects of trade liberalization, inflated bubbles and the shadow economy) and is challenging methodology of national accounting as partially failing to reflect these developments. The evidence suggests that national accounts are likely underestimated Lithuanian gross domestic product (GDP) during the initial transition period of 1989–1994 and market formation period (1994–2003) while growth was exaggerated during the "boom" 2004–2007, and the fall was overestimated in the recession of 2008–2009. The main objective of the article is to assess the impact of certain transitional factors (e.g. shift from planned shortage economy to the liberal market economy with a mixture of official and shadow activities, opening of economy and cetera) to economic growth and methodology of national accounting. Regression analysis is used to quantify significance of convergence theory. Overview of the literature using Coub-Douglas function to asses potential output. Based on the modified income data, the annual potential growth during 2003–2010 is estimated to be around 5,3 %. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1822-8011
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Updated:
2018-12-17 13:00:00
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