Autoritarinių, seksistinių ir homofobinių nuostatų raiškos lyčių skirtumai

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Autoritarinių, seksistinių ir homofobinių nuostatų raiškos lyčių skirtumai
Alternative Title:
Gender differences in authoritarian, sexist and homophobic attitudes
In the Journal:
Lyčių studijos ir tyrimai. 2010, 8, p. 94-108
Keywords:
LT
Antifeminizmas; Autoritarizmas; Elegesys; Homofobija; Lytis; Lytis, nuostatos; Seksizmas; Skirtumai.
EN
Attitudes; Authoritarian, anti-feminist, homophobic attitudes; Differences; Gender.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje pristatomas empirinis įvairių nepakantos formų (autoritarizmo, homofobinių, seksistinių-antifeministinių) nuostatų matavimo kiekybinis tyrimas (N = 169) taikant pasaulyje žinomus instrumentus: autoritarizmo RWA skalę (Altemeyer 1981, 1988; Schneider 1997), homofobijos skalę (Herek 1988), anti-feminizmo / seksizmo skalę (Smith, Ferree, Miller 1975). Tyrimo tikslas – atskleisti šių konstruktų vidinę struktūrą, nuostatų lyčių skirtumus, ištirti minėtų nepakantos formų tarpusavio ryšį. Straipsnyje analizuojama autoritarizmo, homofobijos ir seksizmo matavimo patirtis kitose šalyse ir Lietuvoje. Gauti empirinio tyrimo rezultatai (vyrų stipresnė autoritarizmo, homofobijos ir seksizmo raiška, minėtų nepakantos formų teigiamas koreliacinis ryšys) palyginti su analogiškais kitų autorių tyrimų duomenimis ir išvadomis. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe article presents the results of measurement of authoritarian, anti-feminist, homophobic attitudes conducted by applying Right Wing Authoritarianism (Altemeyer 1981, 1988; Schneider 1997), Homophobia (Herek 1988) and Anti-feminism scales (Smith, Ferree & Miller 1975) in youth groups of one of the regions of Lithuania. The research respondents were 169 students attending different types of educational institutions (vocational schools, non-university colleges and university). […] This article focuses on gender aspects of authoritarianism, anti-feminism / sexism and homophobia. […] The research revealed that the expression of respondents' attitudes assessed by Authoritarianism and Anti-feminism scales does not reach the level of intolerance (average score (M) does not exceed score 3). Average scores for Authoritarianism scale (M = 3.0) and Anti-feminism / Sexism scale (M = 2.9) demonstrate that participants do not hold apparent authoritarian attitudes. However after comparing male and female groups, statistically significant differences were identified in all three forms of intolerance (authoritarianism, sexism / anti-feminism, homophobia). The investigation revealed that the most negative attitudes are held by the respondents towards homosexuals (M = 3.6): the average score varies from response 3 "slightly disagree" to 4 "slightly agree", which can be denominated as "weak homonegativism". Males expressed stronger intolerance to male-gays (M = 4.8), whereas females are more tolerant to homosexual males (M = 3.8).Analysis of findings of other research and theoretical conceptualisations shows that authoritarianism, homophobia and anti-feminism are interconnected. […] The strongest correlation was found between authoritarianism and homophobia (r = 0.62). […] This correlation could be explained by the fact that Authoritarianism scale consists of several items measuring homophobia and traditional conservative gender-beliefs. However, the authoritarianism construct is wider and embraces a description of different social structures and intolerance towards different forms of otherness. […] Our research findings correlate with the results obtained by other researchers (i.e. Kite & Whitley, 1996; Ogletree & Harper 2006; LaMar & Kite 1998; Whitley & Aegisdottir 2000) who identified positive correlation between gender beliefs and negative attitudes towards homosexuals. […] Results of the research presented in this article could support other researchers' conceptualizations (Whitley & Aegisdottir 2000) that people high in authoritarianism condemn homosexuality because their authoritarianism helps them to shape their gender-role beliefs, which then also support their attitudes towards homosexuality. The correlation between the constructs (authoritarianism, homophobia, sexism / anti-feminism) reflects the idea that they are rooted in a patriarchal social system where men and women have "proper" roles and have to obey the authority which is presented by a heterosexual male – Father. The revealed interconnection between conservative beliefs (in this case, authoritarianism) and intolerance (sexism, homophobia) induces to further investigate the issues of complex gender socialization processes performed by social institutes and groups. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1822-6310
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/29088
Updated:
2020-11-25 20:17:43
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