Socialinio teisingumo principų sistema šiuolaikinėje Vakarų teisės tradicijoje

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Socialinio teisingumo principų sistema šiuolaikinėje Vakarų teisės tradicijoje
Alternative Title:
System of principles of social justice in the contemporary legal tradition of the West
In the Journal:
Socialinių mokslų studijos [Societal Studies]. 2009, Nr. 2, p. 119-135
Keywords:
LT
Indėlis; Komunitarizma,; Komunitarizmas; Liberalizmas; Nuopelnas; Nuopelnas, poreikis; Poreikis; Socialinis teisingumas; Teisingas paskirstymas; Teisės filosofija; Teisėti lūkesčiai.
EN
Communitarianism; Desert; Fair distribution; Legal philopsophy; Legal philosophy; Legitimate expectations; Liberalism; Need; Share; Social justice.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje, remiantis pagrindinių šiuolaikinių Vakarų teisės ir politinių doktrinų – liberalizmo ir komunitarizmo – idėjomis, analizuojama socialinio (paskirstomojo) teisingumo principų samprata bei reikšmė šiuolaikinei teisėkūrai, formuluojama pagrindinių socialinio teisingumo principų sistema. Straipsnio pradžioje aptariama „radikaliojo“ liberalizmo (libertarizmo) šalininkų (R. Nozicko ir F.A. Hayeko) teorijose išdėstyta socialinio paskirstomojo teisingumo reikšmės socialinei būčiai kritika bei siūlomos alternatyvos. Toliau nagrinėjama socialinio teisingumo samprata „nuosaikiojo“ liberalizmo (J. Rawlso ir R. Dworkino) teorijose bei tiriamas komunitarinis (M. Walzerio ir A. MacIntyre‘o) socialinio teisingumo aiškinimas ir jo santykis su liberaliąja tradicija. Remiantis išnagrinėtų teorijų nuostatomis straipsnyje formuluojami galimi teisingi visuomenės išteklių skirstymo (paskirstomojo teisingumo) kriterijai: a) pagal rinkoje įvertintus asmens veiklos rezultatus; b) pagal asmens indėlį ir institucinius nuopelnus kooperaciniais pagrindais organizuotoje struktūroje; c) pagal asmens gyvybinius poreikius. Straipsnio išvadose pateikiama pagrindinių socialinio teisingumo principų sistema. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe article analyzes the concept of principles of social justice and their significance to the contemporary lawmaking. The analysis is based on the main ideas of the western legal traditions – liberalism and communitarianism. Firstly, the argumentation of denial of significance of social justice to the social being and the proposals of alternative theories of "radical" liberalists (libertarians) (R. Nozick and F.A. Hayek) are analyzed. Secondly, the concept of social justice in the theories of "restrained" liberal theories (J. Rawls and R. Dworkin) is analysed, the communitarian concept (of M. Walzer and A. MacIntyre) of social justice is researched, and its relation to the liberal tradition is determined. The main criteria of fair distribution, which are acceptable to both traditions, are emphasized. The system of main principles of social justice formulated lexicographically on the grounds of the analysed theories: 1. Each person should be entitled to equal scheme of underlying rights and liberties, which would match the rights and liberties of other individuals and in which equal value would be manifested through equal political freedoms.2. Social and economic inequality must meet these conditions: 2.1. An individual has to be entitled to dispose of his legitimately acquired wealth. 2.2. Offices and positions have to be open to every individual under conditions of fair equality. 2.2.1. Each individual of the society has to be provided with the part of resources received by cooperation that corresponds to his share and institutional merits. 2.3. Social and economic inequality has to be beneficial for the least advantaged members of the society. 2.3.1. In the situation of the initial equality (when the society distributes common resources, i.e. creates and implements various programmes of social support and care) an individual must be entitled to have that part of resources, which corresponds to his motivated choice of the way of life. 2.3.2. In trying to improve the situation of the least advantaged individuals, attempts must be made to meet their basic needs, considering the objective reasons of that situation. [From the publication]

ISSN:
2029-2236; 2029-2244
Subject:
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/23081
Updated:
2018-12-17 12:33:51
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