Aukštesniųjų klasių moksleivių altruistinių ketinimų ypatumai

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Aukštesniųjų klasių moksleivių altruistinių ketinimų ypatumai
Alternative Title:
Peculiarities of altruistic intentions of senior pupils
In the Journal:
Pedagogika. 2008, 90, p. 91-97
altruizmas; altruistiniai ketinimai; ketinimų apibrėžtumas; altruizmo motyvacija.
altruism; altruistic intentions; boundaries; of intentions; motivation of altruism.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje analizuojama altruistinio elgesio stygiaus problema šiuolaikinėje visuomenėje bei jo apraiškos aukštesniųjų klasių mokinių altruistiniuose ketinimuose. Taikant pagalbos poreikio situacijų testą bei socialinės provokacijos metodą paaiškėjo, kad dauguma moksleivių (n = 300) norėtų padėti kitiems asmenims tais atvejais, kai altruistiniai ketinimai nėra aiškiai apibrėžti ir įpareigojantys. Tačiau provokuojant mokinius savo ketinimus priartinti prie realybės (dalyvauti pagalbos akcijose), paaiškėjo, kad altruistiškai pasielgti ketinančių moksleivių skaičius labai sumažėjo. Todėl galima daryti prielaidą, kad altruizmas kaip vertybė vis labiau praranda prasmę. [Iš leidinio]

ENThis article analyzes the lack of altruistic behavior in the present-day society and its manifestation reflected by the intentions of senior pupils. The aim of the research was to find out the frequency of egoisticaltruistic behavior of the youngsters and their dependence on boundaries and approach to reality. Also it was aimed to assess the influence of help object and the sex of respondents to the expression of altruistic intentions. The research was carried out by two stages: first, the test with various situations when the persons need some help was used (in this test the altruistic intentions were not precisely limited); second, by the social provocation method the respondents were forced definitely to decide to help or not. 300 pupils of the x–xii forms from Šiauliai have participated in this research. The results of the research have proved the hypothesis that the more altruistic intentions of the senior pupils were being limited and the more they were being approached to the reality, the more frequently this kind of intentions declined. More than two thirds of the respondents expressed their altruistic intentions (that is the wish to help other persons) in situations which did not require particular sacrifice of their interests for the sake of others, whereas few pupil remained willing to help in the situations, when altruistic intentions were limited. Only 26,30 % of the respondents agreed to participate in activity helping old people and even the half of the respondents intended to help only one time. Moreover, only 11 from 300 respondents would help the old people once in two weeks. It means that altruism even at the level of intentions is really low among senior pupils.According to the counting of correlation between the results of two stages of the research, it was found out that statistically reliably positive relation (r = 0,298; p <0, 01) exists between unlimited altruistic intentions in separate situations and limited intentions in social provocation. Thus, it appeared to be clear the tendency that those pupils who intended to help the others in the situation test have the same intentions regarding the help for the old people and the opposite. This verifies the validity of the research instruments. The analyses of relation of egoistic-altruistic intentions allow to state that for the majority of the respondents altruistic intentions are characteristic in the situations which do not require particularly to sacrifice their interests for the sake of the other persons. Nonetheless, even in those situations more than one third of the respondents expressed their veiled egoistic intentions, which revealed masked by various excuses unwillingness to help the others. This concealment is induced by the social norms. Some pupils openly expressed their egoistic intentions. The factorial analysis of data shows that senior pupils tend to help more their friends and contemporaries than the persons of social disjuncture groups. The majority of youngsters would help their friends and contemporaries, whereas masked egoism dominates regarding the persons of social disjuncture groups.Willingness to help contemporaries could be likely stimulated by the principal of social exchange, while the rejection of persons of social disjuncture might be interpreted as the efficiency of the weakening social norms. The statistical data analysis regarding the sex of the respondents revealed that altruistic intentions of the girls are more statistically significantly frequent than the intentions of the boys (χ2 = 50.8; df = 3; p <0.001). Even 82.2 % of girls were subsumed to the category of real altruistic intentions, whereas only 50 % of boys were subsumed to the same category. Moreover, the boys even 34.1 % more distinguished from the girls by their covert egoistic intention. Expressed egoistic intentions were typical only to the boys. [From the publication]

1392-0340; 2029-0551
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2018-12-17 12:16:59
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