Akcja wyborcza Polaków na Litwie w wyborach na Litwie. Jak AWPL udało się przekroczyć 5-procentowy próg wyborczy?

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lenkų kalba / Polish
Akcja wyborcza Polaków na Litwie w wyborach na Litwie. Jak AWPL udało się przekroczyć 5-procentowy próg wyborczy?
Alternative Title:
Electoral action of Poles in Lithuania in elections in Lithuania. How electoral action of Poles in Lithuania managed to surpass the 5 percent electoral treshold?
In the Journal:
Politeja. 2014, 2 (28), p. 269-295
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Lenkų rinkimų akcija; Rinkimai; Politinė kampanija; Politinė partija; Rinkimų sistema. Keywords: Electoral Action of Poles; Elections; Political campaign; Political party; Electoral system.
Lietuvių-lenkų santykiai; Lietuvos lenkų rinkimų akcija; Politinės partijos / Political parties; Rinkimai ir balsavimas / Electoral procedure and voting.
Summary / Abstract:

ENPolitical activity of Poles in Lithuania started around the same time as Lithuanian. The Union of Poles in Lithuania was established at the congress on 15‑16 April, 1989, which transformed the Socio‑Cultural Association of Poles in Lithuania, founded a year earlier – in 1988. In the first parliamentary elections in independent Lithuania, Polish minority was not very active. Looking at the public space, the internal situation in the political elite of the Polish minority in Lithuania and the development of Polish‑Lithuanian relationship as well as election results of AWPL in Lithuania have a noticeable direct relationship. The development of Polish‑Lithuanian relations after the collapse of the Soviet Union can be divided into three stages: 1st from 1990 to 1994, 2nd from 1995 to 2005 period, 3rd from about 2007 to the present time. AWPL is a regional party and its political influence is limited over the whole country. Meanwhile, the party has regionally dominant positions in two municipalities (the Vilnius region and Šalčininkai), and even in the two municipalities (Vilnius city, Trakai) is a influential party. Cooperation of AWPL with Russian parties in Lithuania started already during 1995 elections. Without support of Russian voters and other marginal parties, AWPL would probably not have been able to overcome 5 percent barier for parties in proportional system. [From the publication]

1733-6716; 2391-6737
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2022-10-06 11:14:58
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