Lūžis valstybinės lietuvių kalbos normų priežiūros sistemoje

Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Lūžis valstybinės lietuvių kalbos normų priežiūros sistemoje
Alternative Title:
Turning-point in the maintenance system of the official Lithuanian language norms
In the Journal:
Baltu filoloģija. 2019, t. 28, nr. 1, p. 123-139
Keywords:
LT
Kalbos politika; Bendrinė kalba; Kalbos normos; Kalbos klaidos.
EN
Language policy; Standard language; Language norms; Language mistakes.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje supažindinama su Valstybinės lietuvių kalbos komisijos 2019 m. sausio 31 d. nutarimu, kuris žymi ryškų pokytį valstybinėje lietuvių kalbos normų priežiūros sistemoje. Šiuo nutarimu buvo panaikintas teisinis vieno šios priežiūros sistemos instrumento – Didžiųjų kalbos klaidų sąrašo – statusas. Neliko nuo 1992 m. buvusios įteisintos galimybės tam tikrais atvejais skirti administracines nuobaudas už viešosios bendrinės lietuvių kalbos leksikos ir gramatikos normų pažeidimus. Aptariamos Didžiųjų kalbos klaidų sąrašo atsiradimo aplinkybės, apibūdinamas jo turinys, atskleidžiamos priežastys, nulėmusios šio sąrašo statuso pakeitimą, parodomos šį sprendimą lydinčios visuomenės reakcijos, taip pat aptariama galima tolesnė lietuvių kalbos priežiūros sistemos raidos kryptis. [Leidėjo anotacija]

ENThe object of the article is a significant step in the Lithuanian language policy, i.e. the decision of the State Commission of the Lithuanian Language on the 31st of January 2019 to abolish the legal status of The List of Major Language Mistakes (LMLM). The LMLM has functioned in the maintenance system of the official Lithuanian language as a tool to control the correctness of the public language usage since the end of 1992. It allowed imposing financial penalties for non-abidance of the basic linguistic standards in official public spaces (media, publishing, etc.). But it does not mean that since 2019 the rules of the Standard Lithuanian any longer obtain. The article deals with the circumstances of appearance of LMLM, the content of LMLM, the reasons that determined the change of the status of LMLM, reactions of the society (institutions, social groups, and individuals) to this change as well as the further direction of the system of the Lithuanian language maintenance. The LMLM has played a positive role in the development of the Standard Lithuanian norms during the initial period of existence: stabilized language norms in the public usage, disciplined public language users, impeded the flood of new loanwords especially from English, promulgated new Lithuanian equivalents into public usage. In a democratic society, however, it is time to look for different, more influential methods of supervision of standard language norms. The abolition of the LMLM status was a one-off act. The change of the language maintenance system is a long-lasting process as it also involves changes in public language attitudes. Evidently, the Lithuanian language maintenance system is moving from legal sanctions to recommendations and preventive work, therefore, one of the main tasks of the language policy is to strengthen the Lithuanian language prestige in the society. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1691-0036
Related Publications:
Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/83034
Updated:
2020-03-02 23:18:44
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