XVI a. diduomenės vaizdavimas moderniame lietuvių ir suomių istoriniame romane – P. Dirgėlos "Joldijos jūra" ir M. Waltari "Karina"

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
XVI a. diduomenės vaizdavimas moderniame lietuvių ir suomių istoriniame romane – P. Dirgėlos "Joldijos jūra" ir M. Waltari "Karina"
Alternative Title:
Portrayal of the 16th-century nobility in modern Lithuanian and Finnish historical novels (Petras Dirgėla’s "Joldian sea" and Mika Waltari’s "Karina")
In the Journal:
Gimtasai kraštas. 2019, t. 17, p. 16-27
Diduomenė; Istorinis romanas; Lietuvių literatūra; Mika Waltari; Petras Dirgėla; Suomių literatūra; Suomių romanas.
Finnish literature; Finnish novel; Historical novel; Lithuanian literature; Mika Waltari; Nobility; Petras Dirgėla.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje analizuojamas XVI a. diduomenės vaizdavimas moderniame lietuvių ir suomių istoriniame romane – Petro Dirgėlos romane Joldijos jūra ir Mikos Waltari romane Karina. Rašytojų kūrinius artina itin meniškas XVI a. diduomenės – valdovų, aukštų magnatų, bajorų gyvenimo, tradicijų, politinės veiklos ir elgsenos atspindys. Kartu juose daug dėmesio skiriama atskiro žmogaus, tampančio istorijos subjektu, asmeninei problematikai – jo kančioms, aistroms, siekiams, svajonėms, didybei ir nuopuoliui. Rašytojai vaizduoja valdovus, susiduriančius su sudėtinga praeities / dabarties realijų konfrontacija bei specifiniais epochos veiksniais, nulemiančiais jų elgesį. Kūriniuose atsiveria diduomenės būties reflektavimas, turintis ryšio su O. Smitho apibrėžtais tautos egzistenciją grindžiančiais ištakų laike, kelionės praeityje, protėvių, aukso amžiaus, nuosmukio, atgimimo, ypatingos tapatybės mitais. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe historical novels of Dirgėla and Waltari reflect the authors’ attitude to more or less follow the historical truth in their texts. Revealing in their novels a historical epoch of the 16th century and artistically depicting behind-the-scenes of political events and significant historical personalities, the writers avoid the baseless facts and things not coming from past events, so both the portraits of the nobility and the reflections of high society’s mode of life, lifestyle and customs of that time have their historical validity. Writers in their novels picturesquely reveal that nobility is a power which changes the face of the state and becoming the major force directs people’s destiny in their own way. Dirgėla’s novel has a strong fictional line: with the help of imagination and intuition, the writer artfully draws the trajectory of personal fate of Mikalojus Radvila’s envoy Kiprijonas Tvirbutas, which reflects how the quarrels of the states, turmoil, intrigues of nobles and wars break the fate of a small person: having devoted his energies to protect the interests of the state and becoming a state secret, he loses everything that is dear to him until he finally dies. A similar fate comes to Karina, a girl who had become a beloved of the Swedish ruler Erik in Waltari’s novel Karina.Through the extensive restoration of the personalities of the rulers, both writers artfully illustrate situations in which their position was complicated by their own behavior of despair, hatred and fear, and the human content of these personalities unfolded in historical cataclysms. The Kings of the Crown – the King of Sweden Erik and the King of Finland Frederick – are non-harmonious men suffering not only from their unmanageable characters, but also from situations caused by the unpredictability of history. In Petras Dirgėla’s novel, the dominant cultural and social orientations of Lithuanian nobility are associated with the characteristic myths of the nation’s existence inherent in the source of time, travel in the past, ancestors, golden age, recession, revival and special identity. The dramatic fate of an individual does not become its spiritual sorrow. He is incorporated into the same system of mythological thinking, at the highest level of the hierarchy of values of which is the state and its interests.

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2020-12-03 22:49:05
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