A Turbulent political history and the legacy of state Socialism in the Baltic countries

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Knygos dalis / Part of the book
Anglų kalba / English
A Turbulent political history and the legacy of state Socialism in the Baltic countries
Baltijos valstybės; Demografija; Ekonominis vystymasis; Palikimas; Valstybinis socializmas; Žemės sklypas.
Baltic; Baltic countries; Countries; Demography; Economic development; Housing estates; Legacy; State socialism.
Summary / Abstract:

ENThis chapter provides a survey of the political, socio-economic and demographic development of the Baltic countries. It is meant to give readers a general understanding of the setting in which large urban housing estates were built from the 1960s to the 1980s. The chapter begins with an account of the history of the Baltic countries, including their emergence as independent nations, their incorporation into the USSR and their reappearance on the world map in 1991. The second section analyses the modernisation of the Baltic economies, the Soviet strategies for industrialisation and their impact on the housing sector. The Baltic region enjoyed somewhat higher living standards and exhibited greater openness to Western influences than other union republics, which made Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania attractive to economic migrants from other parts of the USSR. The analysis also shows that the Baltic countries experienced demographic modernisation earlier than other regions of the USSR. A high demand for labour is driven by Soviet strategies for economic development, and slow population growth in the host countries, particularly in Estonia and Latvia, contributed to the persistence of high levels of immigration throughout the post-war decades. Due to their large numbers, migrant workers significantly transformed the composition of the urban population in the Baltic countries. Through a combination of factors, including the housing allocation mechanism, immigrants gained privileged access to new accommodation, and they became over-represented in the housing estates. This development connects the future of the housing estates with the integration of immigrants who settled in the region during the Soviet era. [From the publication]

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2020-11-29 17:41:42
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