Naujojo viešojo valdymo transformacija : sumanumo dimensija

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Naujojo viešojo valdymo transformacija: sumanumo dimensija
Alternative Title:
Transformation of new public governance towards smart public governance: a smartness dimension
In the Journal:
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje teoriniu lygmeniu atskleidžiant sumanumo dimensijos atsiradimo prielaidas ir sumanaus viešojo valdymo bruožus, identifikuotos sąsajos, leidžiančias vertinti NVV transformacijos lygį: nustatyti naujojo viešojo valdymo ir sumanaus viešojo valdymo koncepcijų teorinių prieigų sanklotą, skatinančią pažvelgti į sumanų viešąjį valdymą kaip į transformuotą naująjį viešąjį valdymą, integruojantį sumanumo dimensijai būdingus bruožus. Daroma prielaida, kad nors šios transformacijos mastas nėra didelis, tačiau skirtingi veiklos metodai ir prieigos realizuojant koncepciją viešojo valdymo praktikoje motyvuoja šią dimensiją laikyti svarbiu tolesnių mokslinių diskursų ir diskusijų objektu. [Iš leidinio]

ENOne of the challenges that a modern society faces is change in the relationship between public governance institutions and citizens. European and global democracies have to tackle socio-economic, demographic problems, migration, population decline, aging societies, a lack of trust in officialdom, instability of the financial markets (Gaulė, 2014) through knowledge, collaboration, networking, cross-sector partnerships, co-creation, social innovations, etc. (Bryson, Crosby & Bloomberg, 2014). Seeking to adapt to new conditions, changes in the environment and fulfil society’s expectations public governance should find new forms of public governance and/or improve existing ones. Changes in public administration practices call for changes in the public administration science. Traditional models and methods are becoming ineffective therefore researchers and practitioners are looking for ways how public governance can be improved. The aim of this paper is to reveal transformation of new public governance towards smart public governance in theory. Research problem can be defined as following: transformation of new public governance towards smart public governance. Research findings are provided in the paper. The following research methods were used: theoretical analysis, systematization, comparison, generalization. The concept new public governance (hereinafter NPG) was introduced at the beginning of the 21st century. Its features have been discussed by various schools of public administration. NPG is the main paradigm of today’s public governance (Osborne, 2006; Morgan, Shinn, 2014; Buškevičiūtė & Raipa, 2011; Patapas, Raipa, Smalskys, 2014; et al.).Depending on an approach, the concepts good governance (Van Doeveren, 2011; Juiz, Guerrero, Lera 2014; Rotberg 2014; Šaparnienė, 2010; Šaparnienė, Valukonytė, 2012; Krupavičius 2013; et al.), open governance (Janssen, Charalabidis, Zuiderwijk, 2012; Laffan, 2012; Kiurienė, 2015; et al.), collaborative governance (Siriann, 2009; Emerson, Nabatchi, Balogh 2012; O’Leary 2014; Domarkas, 2011; et al.), smart public governance (hereinafter SPG) (Willke, 2007; Scholl & Scholl, 2014; Bolívar, 2015; Bolívar, Meijer, 2015; Meijer, Bolívar, 2015; Jucevičius, 2014; Buškevičiūtė, 2014; Gaulė, 2014; Stanislovaitienė, 2016; et al.) are used. In recent years smartness, smart development, a smart economy, a smart city, a smart individual and smart public governance (hereinafter SPG) have become the most frequently used words in social sciences. SPG is a new concept, it has not been clearly defined yet, its main features are the use of technology, e-government, smart city, a smart individual in the public sector and governance, the development of smart social systems, etc. SPG is a significant element of public administration. A literature review showed that SPG and NPG have much in common, they both focus on collaborative relationships between the public and private sector and NGOs for public value creation. Common features of NPG, good public governance and SPG are: openness, effectiveness, efficiency, collaboration, citizen involvement, trust between government and the public, acting in the public interest. Technology plays an important role in SPG. Thus, it can be stated that smartness is a core dimension of NPG. Even if this transformation is insignificant, various activities, methods and approaches should be taken into account when discussing and studying smart public governance. [From the publication]

1648-9098; 2424-337X
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2018-12-17 14:13:56
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