Lietuviškos spaudos draudimas : kova, praradimai ir politiniai rezultatai

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knygos dalis / Part of the book
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Lietuviškos spaudos draudimas : kova, praradimai ir politiniai rezultatai
Alternative Title:
Prohibition of Lithuanian press struggle, losses and political results
Cenzūra; Knygnešiai; Knygų leidyba; Lietuviškos spaudos draudimas; Lietuvių nacionalizmas; Nelegali lietuvių spauda; Rusifikacija; Tautinė savimonė
Book publishing; Book smugglers; Book smugglers, Underground Lithuanian press; Censorship; Lithuanian nationalism; Lithuanian press ban; National self-awareness; Press ban in Lithuania; Russification
Summary / Abstract:

ENIn evaluation of the stand by the Lithuanian nation against Russian colonization policy in Lithuania by the end of the 19th - beginning of the 20th century, the struggle for Lithuanian press is the most outstanding and significant resistance of the time and search for human rights interlaced with ideas of political liberation. Lithuanian book carriers (knygnešiai) developed such methods of underground activities and organizational structure that Russian authorities were unable to destroy and were forced to retreat. The fight for Lithuanian press encouraged the ideas of national consciousness. Book carriers, either deliberately, or not, were involved into the national liberation movement and became its vanguard. The prohibited Lithuanian literature published in the Eastern Prussia and USA was versatile by its content. Unrestricted by the Russian censorship, it moved Lithuania closer to the western mentality and culture. Children were taught in secret schools from Lithuanian textbooks brought by the book carriers. This determined the growth of literacy in the country. Book carriers, being the mediators between spare Lithuanian intelligentsia and the entire nation, defended the nation against the Russian assimilatory policy that strived for ruining the identity of the Lithuanian nation. Book carriers and press prohibition contributed to consolidation of the Lithuanian nation, which resulted in declaration of independence of the democratic Lithuanian Republic on February 16, 1918. [From the publication]

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2020-04-18 07:26:31
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