Asmenų, neturinčių nuolatinės gyvenamos vietos, socialinė atskirtis

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Asmenų, neturinčių nuolatinės gyvenamos vietos, socialinė atskirtis
Alternative Title:
Social exclusion of people lacking a permanent residence
In the Journal:
Benamystė; Priverstinė benamystė; Savanoriška benamystė; Savanoriška ir priverstinė benamystė; Socialinė atskirtis; Socialinė politika; Visuomenė.
Forced homelessness; Homelessness; Social disjuncture; Social policy; Society; Voluntary; Voluntary homelessness.
Summary / Abstract:

LTDažnai benamystė suprantama tik kaip būsto problema. Asmens atsiradimą visuomenės užribyje lemia tiek išoriniai, tiek asmeninės rizikos faktoriai. Asmens, neturinčio nuolatinės gyvenamos vietos problemų sprendimas dažnai siejamas tik su materialinių sąlygų sukūrimu, o ne su socialinio vaidmens keitimu. Teikiama pagalba nėra diferencijuojama pagal benamystės priežastis, laiką, pastovumą ir savanoriškumą. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe aim of the work is to inquire into the social exclusion and functionality of people without a permanent place of residence. Principal tasks include defining social exclusion as a phenomenon, analysing the cause of homelessness, describing the situation of homeless people. The theoretical part of the work overviews the scientific literature about homeless people as one of the groups of social exclusion, investigates the causes and the process of homelessness. A semi-structured interview was used in the research, persons without permanent place of residence and not living in lodging homes were interviewed. The study revealed that the social exclusion of homeless people is more voluntary than forced. Their unwillingness to get employed or to change their lifestyle is determined by both internal and external causes: lack of motivation, lack of interest in the current situation, criminal behavior, alcohol dependence, public opinion, country's economic crisis, ineffectiveness o f the legislative framework. The main conclusions of the work are: Social exclusion can be interpreted in two ways: as a phenomenon of a certain social group or that of the society. Social, personal, psychological, incidental, legal and administrative causes of homelessness. People living on the street are distinguished by their impoverished lifestyle. They are heavily dependent on various circumstances. They lack conditions for maintaining hygiene. They sleep in staircases and parks. They never know where they are going to spend the night. They feel lonely, forgotten, insecure, distressed physically and emotionally. They often have health problems, but they do not seek medical treatment. They have mortgaged or lost their documents. [From the publication]

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2019-07-19 17:33:59
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