Lietuvoje ir užsienyje gyvenančių lietuvių gerovės skirtumai

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Lietuvoje ir užsienyje gyvenančių lietuvių gerovės skirtumai
Alternative Title:
Differences in well-being of Lithuanians living in Lithuania and abroad
In the Journal:
Visuomenės sveikata [Public health]. 2015, Nr. 2 (69), p. 94-101
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Emigracija; Gerovė; Lietuviai; Emigration; Lithuanians; Well-being.
Gerovė / Welfare; Lietuviai / Lithuanians; Migracija / Migration; Sveikata / Health.
Summary / Abstract:

ENThe aim of the study is to compare well-being indicators of Lithuanians living in Lithuania and abroad taking into account their social and demographic characteristics as though as duration of living abroad. Measures and methods. 620 Lithuanians living abroad (123 (19.8 %) males and 497 (80.2 %) females) and 482 Lithuanians living in Lithuania (81 (16.6 %) males and 403 (83.3 %) females) participated in this cross-sectional study. Respondents filled in a questionnaire. Social and demographic questions and Mental Health Continuum Short Form were used to reach the aim of this paper. Results. The results of the study showed that Lithuanians living abroad scored higher on social, psychological, as well as general well-being. Higher number of Lithuanian emigrants could be called as having ‚flourishing‘ mental health compared to Lithuanians living in Lithuania (66.3 % and 49.2 % accordingly). Emigration was significantly related to most indicators of well-being even when social and demographic characteristics (gender, age, level of education, having a partner, qualified job and income) were taken into account. Higher levels of general, psychological and social well-being were predicted by being and emigrant, but higher level of emotional wellbeing was more related to the level of income than the fact of emigration. Duration of emigration was not related to the emigrants‘ well-being indicators, but higher well-being of emigrants was correlated to their stronger decision to stay abroad. Conclusions. Lithuanian emigrants possess of better indicators of well-being than Lithuanians living in Lithuania; and higher well-being of emigrants is related to their intentions to stay abroad. These results confirm the idea that emigration should be understood as deliberate decision of a person who weighs both the benefits and possible losses of emigration.Income that ensures financial comfort, education and qualified job were also important predictors of well-being both for emigrants or Lithuanians living in home country. [From the publication]

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2021-02-24 09:32:25
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