Marszałkowie świeccy Trybunału Głównego Wielkiego Księstwa Litewskiego w latach 1633-1648

Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lenkų kalba / Polish
Title:
Marszałkowie świeccy Trybunału Głównego Wielkiego Księstwa Litewskiego w latach 1633-1648
Alternative Title:
Temporal Marshals of the HighTribunal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania during the reign of Władysław IV Zasa, 1633-1648
In the Journal:
Czasopismo Prawno-Historyczne. 2013, 1, p. 143-173
Keywords:
LT
Deputatai; Didysis maršalka; LDK Vyriausiasis Tribunolas; Lenkijos karalius ir Lietuvos didysis kunigaikštis Vladislovas IV Vaza; Senatoriai; Teismai; Vyriausias Lietuvos Tribunolas, LDK, Abiejų Tautų Respublika, teismai, maršalas.
EN
Courts; Deputies; Grand marshal; High Tribunal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania; King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania Wladislaw IV Wasa; Senators; The High Tribunal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, GDL, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, courts, Marshals.
Summary / Abstract:

ENThe proceedings of the High Tribunal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania were pre- sided over by a Marshal, also known as director of the Tribunal in the 17th century.He was elected from among all the deputies on the inauguration day of a new tribunal. The position was commonly filled by Lithuanian officials of various ranks and itwas not uncommon for senators to serve as Marshals.For various reasons, a Marshal was not always able to take part in all the activities of the Tribunal – on such occasions assistant Marshals were elected. In 1633, 1634, 1635, 1636, 1638, 1639, 1642, 1646 and 1648, the High Tribunal was presided over by at least three directors. The most High Tribunals Marshals presided over (there were as many as five) were in 1638 and 1642. In total, in 16 Lithuanian High Tribunals, which convened during the reign of Władysław IV, the position was filled by 37 persons, 45 times in all. Because of the political and property interests of Lithuanian political elites and opportunities to influence judgments, the position of the High Tribunal director was attractive. Out of 37 High Tribunal Marshals 17, or 46 per cent, were senators or were to become senators later. In terms of denominational affiliation, the High Tribunal was presided over by 33 Catholics, 3 Calvinists and a single Orthodox. High Tribunal Marshals were – in principle – elected deputies at the dietines of Lithuanian ‘upper voivodeships’, chiefly though from the Vilnius Voivodeship. Out of 45 High Tribunal Marshals, 20 came from these dietines, which accounts for 44 per cent of all Tribunal directors in 1633-1648. [From the publication]

ISSN:
0070-2471
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/63249
Updated:
2022-04-21 15:25:05
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