Kristupas Radvila (1585-1640) ir amatininkai: kūrybos sąlygos XVII amžiaus I pusės Vilniuje

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Kristupas Radvila (1585-1640) ir amatininkai: kūrybos sąlygos XVII amžiaus I pusės Vilniuje
Alternative Title:
Krzysztof Radziwiłł (1585-1640) and craftsmen: creative conditions in Vilnius in the first half of the 17th century
In the Journal:
Kultūrologija [Culturology]. 2002, t. 9, p. 49-63, 453
LDB Open.
Amatininkai; Amatininkystė; Auksakalys; Didikai; Dvaro dailės kūryba; Korespondencija; Kristupas Radvila; Kristupas Radvila (1585-1640); Kultūriniai ir dailės projektai; Kūrybos sąlygos; LDK kultūros istorija; Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė; Lietuvos dailės istorija; Mecenatystė; Vilnius; Šaltkalvis.
Art works of estate; Christopher Radziwill (1585-1640); Correspondence; Crafts; Craftsmen; Creative conditions; Cultural and art projects; Cultural history of GDL; Goldsmith; Grand Duchy of Lithuania; Kristupas Radvila; Lithuanian Art history; Locksmith; Nobles; Patronage; Vilnius.
Summary / Abstract:

ENWhen the royal court moved away from Vilnius at the end of the 16th century, the city lost an important hub of arts and craftsmanship. In the early 17th century, craftsmen centres assembled at the residences of the nobility, thus making artistic and architectural commissions by noblemen extremely important in forming the city's landscape. This article examines the commissions for the pieces of art and architecture given by Krzysztof Radziwiłł (1585-1640) in Vilnius and his connections with the craftsmen of the city. The study is based on the material from the hetman's manor, mostly on official correspondence. The article estimates the artistic tastes and needs of Krzysztof Radziwiłł and singles out most significant architectural projects and forms of art commissions. In the first half of the 17th century, Krzysztof Radziwiłł intensively expanded his lands owned in Vilnius. Major architectural constructions and restructuring were made at his residence near the Vilija Gate. A vast group of craftsmen were commissioned to do the construction, renovation and interior design works. The original sources from the manor of Krzysztof Radziwiłł allow identifying the craftsmen that worked for him and help revealing the relations between the masters and the commissioner, among which single-project commissions, i.e. hiring craftsmen for particular assignments, are singled out as the most popular form of relations. The article reveals the principles of craftsmen work organization characteristic of the manors of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the first half of the 17th century. The sources from the hetman's manor testify how significant the tradition of clientele was in the relations of the commissioner and the craftsman and unveil the collisions that determined the creative conditions in Vilnius in the first half of the 17th century. [From the publication]

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2018-12-17 11:08:44
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