Lietuvos karo mokyklos XVIII a. valstybės ir kariuomenės reformų kontekste

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knygos dalis / Part of the book
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Lietuvos karo mokyklos XVIII a. valstybės ir kariuomenės reformų kontekste
Alternative Title:
Lithuanian military schools in the context of the 18th century state and military reforms
In the Book:
Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė : valstybė, kultūra, edukacija / sudarytoja Ramunė Šmigelskytė-Stukienė. Vilnius: Lietuvos istorijos instituto leidykla, 2015. P. 31-54. (XVIII amžiaus studijos; 2)
18 amžius.
Summary / Abstract:

LTReikšminiai žodžiai: 18 amžius; Švietimas; Karo mokyklos; Lietuvos kariuomenė; Karininkai; Varšuvos kadetų korpusas; Gardino (Vilniaus) kadetų korpusas; Lietuvos inžinerijos mokykla; 18 th century; Education; Military schools; Lithuanian army; Officers; Warsaw Cadet Corps; Grodno (Vilnius) Cadet Corps; Lithuanian School of Engineering.

ENIn the 18th century the Grand Duchy of Lithuania had several professional and general schools for education of military personnel: Company of Grand-Musketeers (1731-1733) founded by the King August II, Luneville Cadet Corps (1736-1766) founded by Stanislaw Leszczyński, professional school of artillery and engineering to service militia of the Radziwiłł possessions, periodically open in 1747-1776; Warsaw Cadet Corps of His Royal Grace (1765-1794), Grodno Cadet Corps to Royal Economy, later reorganized into Vilnius Cadet Corps, and professional school for sergeants (artillery and engineering) (1789-1794). Graduates of these schools served in the army of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, occupying various positions depending on their age, family influence and skills. The most influence in development of the state was exercised by the graduates of Warsaw Cadet Corps. [...] Graduates of the military schools had significant impact in the 1792. war between the Commonwealth of Both Nations and Russia, and especially in the 1794 Uprising of Tadeusz Kościuszko where they were noted as patriots, great organizers and officers. Many of these 18th century officers realized their education in later wars and uprisings. The results of the military schools must be appreciated in the context of the 18th educational reforms, because these results were a constituting part of important processes, taking place in the Commonwealth of Both Nations and sometimes getting ahead of general educational reforms. [From the publication]

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2022-01-15 14:34:37
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