Urbanistika Šiauliuose - iliuzija ar tikrovė?

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Urbanistika Šiauliuose - iliuzija ar tikrovė?
Alternative Title:
Urbanistics in the city of Šiauliai - illusion or reality
In the Journal:
Acta Academiae Artium Vilnensis [AAAV]. 2013, t. 71, p. 95-110. Terra urbana: urbanistinės kaitos žemėlapiai
Keywords:
LT
Urbanistiniai procesai; Planavimas ir urbanistika; Architektas-urbanistas; Planavimo užduotis; Sprendinių vertinimas.
EN
Urban processes; Planning and urbanistics; Architect-urban planner; Planning task; Valuation of solutions.
Summary / Abstract:

LT2010-2011 m. buvo rengiamas detalusis Šiaulių centrinės dalies planas. Koncepciją rengiant ir svarstant su visuomene, kilo klausimų ne tik dėl kai kurių profesinių urbanistinių teiginių, bet ir dėl centrinės dalies ribų, Senamiesčio ir istorinio centro sampratos, užduoties formulavimo ir t. t. Tokie projektai rengiami nedažnai, todėl tai galima vertinti kaip tam tikros urbanistinės kultūros ir profesinės kompetencijos indikatorių. Palyginus urbanistinius analogiško rango sovietinių laikų projektus su dabartiniais, galima teigti, kad jie akivaizdžiai kokybiškai skiriasi. Nors formaliai Šiauliai yra planuojami, bet dabartiniai urbanistiniai procesai yra nevaldomi, o urbanistinių projektų kokybė ženkliai smukusi. Kyla klausimas - ar tai būdinga tik Šiauliams, ar tai bendra tendencija, būdinga visiems didiesiems Lietuvos miestams. Šiame tekste gvildenami ir įvertinami urbanistiniai procesai, siūlomi galimi problemų sprendimo būdai. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe aim of this article is to review the urban processes which took place in Šiauliai city in 1991-2013, to reveal the characteristic traits and the problems of development of these processes, to note the possible reasons and to provide recommendations to solve these problems. The urban development of Šiauliai city can be divided into three stages, identified by the changes in the planning law, the formation of planning structures and other criteria. The facts gleaned from the researched period are provided in the article and the experience gained by participating directly in the processes is analyzed and evaluated using a comparative method. Analysis and evaluation were executed employing a certain method: the main participants of urban processes were pointed out, the planning and designing task, the devices used in the processes examined, and the professional qualities and works of the participants were analyzed. The consequences of the processes - the positive or negative impact OD the quality of the results of the whole urbanistic process as opposed to just the contents of the process were evaluated. The entity of factors which produced quality results of the certain processes and stimulated positive changes were evaluated as positive. The table depicts graphic valuation degrees - neutral, positive and negative. The breaking points noted in the places of change in the valuation degree - positive or negative change.This way, the negative tendencies in the changes of processes are identified in the table. The evident decline in the quality of urban processes was noted. The profit seeking local businesses are winning against the decisions that are important to the public interest. The prevalent feature of these problems is the lack of competence in all the stages and parts of the urban process. The development of the city is influenced mostly by the changes in the policies and means of managing and administrating the urban processes and also by the changing and rather unclear laws concerning urban processes. The problem of local politicians' and public servants' lack of competence could be solved by changing the policies of administrating the urban processes. Therefore, the choosing of the building company according to the lowest price, concentrating on procedures only while ignoring the question of the quality of urban solutions and the removal of architects-urban planners from the process of city planning are the consequences of persistent systematic problems. This could be solved only by acknowledging on a government level the crisis of urbanistic discourse and by changing the development of urban processes in essence, on all levels, starting with education and policies. [From the publication]

ISBN:
9786094471100
ISSN:
1392-0316
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/52355
Updated:
2018-12-17 13:39:45
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