Priemiesčio teritorijų planavimo sąlygos ir galimybės

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Priemiesčio teritorijų planavimo sąlygos ir galimybės
Alternative Title:
Conditions and possibilities of suburban territory planning
In the Journal:
Urbanistika ir architektūra. 2003, t. 27, Nr. 2, p. 43-50
Kaunas. Kauno kraštas (Kaunas region); Lentvaris; Vilnius. Vilniaus kraštas (Vilnius region); Lietuva (Lithuania); Miestai ir miesteliai / Cities and towns.
Summary / Abstract:

LTPristatomi kai kurie sostinės bendrajame plane apibrėžtų priemiesčio plėtros uždavinių pirmojo (1999- 2002 metų) realizacijos tarpsnio analizės rezultatai. Kylančios problemos lyginamos su kitų Lietuvos didmiesčių raidos analogiškais klausimais, įvertinamas pasirinktos plėtros krypties perspektyvumas, iškeliami pirmaeiliai miesto ir priemiesčio koordinuoto teritorijų planavimo uždaviniai esmingai pakitusiomis šių procesų valdymo sąlygomis. [Iš leidinio]Reikšminiai žodžiai: Didmiestis; Koordinuota Plėtra; Priemiesčiai; Struktūra; Teritorijų planavimas; Urbanizacija; City; Coordinated Development; Structure; Suburbs; Territory planning; Urbanization.

ENThe Green Belt of Vilnius is chosen and confirmed in the Master Plan of the capital city as the order for a coordinated solution of social, economic, functional engineering and esthetical problems both in the city and in its suburban territories. This kind of order is widely used in planning metropolitan territories in Europe and Northern America (London, Vienna, Warsaw, Moscow, Ottawa, etc.). In the case of Vilnius there is no need to create the Green Belt: the city is already gifted with it from the nature itself. The only necessity is to take care of the inherited environmental situation of the surroundings of the capital city and to use it properly by expanding recreational, tourist, and social and communication infrastructure as well as by developing housing and construction of engineering or municipal objects. In the period 1998-2002 public processes in the suburbs of Vilnius were not intensive (Tables 1-3). Development is still going on without any coordination guidelines or investment programs. This kind of expansion has no protection from undesirable consequences, meaningless investment or conflicting situations. [...] Noteworthy among them are the following: a) The example of Kaunas shows a city planned together with the suburban territories. In this way the upcoming annexation of the suburban territories to the municipality of the city is foreseen. It is expected that the new borders of the municipality will be legitimated during the territorial administrative reform of the country; b) In the case of Vilnius a gradual territorial expansion into the suburban areas is performed.Over the period 1987-2000 the limits of the capital city were expanded 4 times, now the annexation of the town of Lentvaris is under consideration. The continually changing territory of the capital city reflects neither the urban structure of the city nor the optimal functional reciprocity of neighbouring municipalities; c) Formation of metropolitan zones or regional cities is linked with the prognoses of the wide urban and territorial dispersion of the bigger cities of the country and the disappearance of borders between neighbouring municipalities which would allow to analyse them as a single object of territory planning (Fig 1). Yet the expediency of forming such zones in the country with a low density of population and low expectations in demographical development is questionable; d) The Green Belt of the capital city is not a universal model, it is rather a solution that reflects a unique urban, natural and morpho-structure of Vilnius as well as the functions of the capital city. This solution respects the needs for representation of the environment, comfort, development of recreation and tourism and preservation of abundant heritage objects and unique elements of natural landscape (Fig 2). Therefore, the following issues still remain as the primary tasks: 1) Legitimization of the territorial status and preparation of regulations for Vilnius suburban Green Belt as a transitional area that is managed under a mutual agreement between Vilnius and neighbouring municipalities; 2) Working out of a complete general plan for the Green Belt and its ratification at a district level; 3) Preparation of mutual with the capital city investment programs for developing tourism, social infrastructure, communication system, etc. [Text from author]

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2019-03-13 13:15:52
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