Socialinių darbuotojų asmenybės ypatumai

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Socialinių darbuotojų asmenybės ypatumai
Alternative Title:
Personality peculiarities of social workers
In the Journal:
Specialusis ugdymas [Special Education]. 2004, Nr. 1 (10), p. 149-153
Summary / Abstract:

LTSocialinių darbuotojų specialybė nauja Lietuvoje, todėl mažai tyrinėta šios srities specialistų asmenybės ypatumai. Straipsnyje pateikiama socialinių darbuotojų gyvenimo stiliaus ypatumų analizė individualiosios psichologijos aspektu. Tyrimų duomenys rodo, kad šiems darbuotojams būdingi aukštesni kontrolės, savęs nuvertinimo skalių įverčiai. Socialiniams darbuotojams, turintiems didesnį darbo stažą, charakteringi aukštesni kontrolės, lūkesčių skalės įverčiai negu tiems, kurių darbo stažas mažas. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe professional literature suggests a list of features, which are essential for successful social work but the question about a real social worker personality is open. This article focuses on social workers' peculiarities within the limits of individual psychology. According to individual psychology, the main force activating a person is compensation of universal inferiority feeling. Choosing the goals of life and one's profession is connected with inferiority compensation mechanisms. The way in which people compensate their inferiority is reflected in their life style - the whole personality structure, typical only of that concrete personality. Life style cannot be learned, it is always based on the personal experience of the child until the age of seven and doesn't change much later. On the cognitive level, life style manifests itself through the system of beliefs, emotions and thoughts, on the basis of which environment and behaviour of clients may be interpreted. Social workers with problematic personalities, unresolved inner and interpersonal conflicts have an impaired ability to engage in adequate relationships with their clients. That's why the following aims have been formulated: to define peculiarities of workers life style in respect to their work experience. Also this study empirically compares life style themes of social workers and physicians.The research was based on such methodological principles: purposeful and undivided personality activated by inferiority feeling that formed his/her life style in early childhood. The research subject group consisted of 103 social workers and 98 physicians; all of them were females. They were examined by using Kem Life Style Scale. It is made up of 5 subscales: control, perfectionist, need to please, self-discouragement, expectations. Statistical data analysis was performed by using SPSS software. Research results revealed that indicators of the perfectionism, need to please and self - discouragement subscale of social workers were higher than those of physicians (p< 0,01 ). Indirectly it might be explained by the attempt of compensating the inferiority feeling. The control, perfectionism, expectation subscales indicators were higher in the case of longer work record (p<0,01). These differences could be a reflection of different socialization conditions. Peculiarities of social workers life style revealed possible reasons of undesirable relationships with clients and motives for choosing their profession. Greater self-awareness and reduced intrapsychic and interpersonal conflicts by personal therapy will make social workers and students of social work escape stress, frustration, low job satisfaction and be the condition for better adjustment to the requirements of profession. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1392-5369; 2424-3299
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/43425
Updated:
2020-04-03 17:35:49
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