Mokyklos kultūra kaip ugdomasis kontekstas ir kaip prievarta

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Mokyklos kultūra kaip ugdomasis kontekstas ir kaip prievarta
Alternative Title:
School culture as a context and as a violence
In the Journal:
Acta paedagogica Vilnensia. 2012, t. 29, p. 9-21
Keywords:
LT
Kultūra; Kūryba; Mokykla; Prievarta.
EN
Culture; School; Creativeness; Violence.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje analizuojama nacionalinė kultūra Europos kontekste ir tam tikri jos segmentai, kurie daro įtaką mokyklai per elgesio ritualus, standartizuotus reikalavimus, specifinį mokytojo žodyną. Mokyklos kultūra šiame straipsnyje suprantama platesniu mastu, t. y. kaip kultūra, nulemiama dabarties laiko ir erdvės (skirtingų teritorijų – Europos, šalies, vietos). Remiantis empiriniu tyrimu analizuojama, kaip pasikeitęs laiko ir erdvės santykis, nuo jo priklausantys mokytojo / mokinio santykiai ir mokytojų vartojamas žodynas gali tapti represuosančia aplinka, užuot būtų kūrybą skatinančia aplinka. Parodoma, kaip mokytojo, kūrėjo, vaidmuo transformuojasi į vartotojo vaidmenį, o mokinio, kaip vartotojo, vaidmuo panašėja į kūrėjo. Įvardijami galimi mokyklos kultūros pavojai, atskleidžamos kultūros ir švietimo politikos priemonės, kurios labiausiai stabdo mokyklos ir asmenybės autentišką ir kūrybišką gyvenimą. [Iš leidinio]

ENThis paper deals with the features of school culture, emphasizing time and space as the most important conditions for understanding contemporary educational problems. The growing gap between the two contemporary generations (youth and their teachers, parents) depends on many different segments of nowadays’ society, the most important being the different perception of space and time by these generations, which in future may result in a different way of thinking and behaviour. This idea is implied by studying the cultural transmission in Lithuania (2010), the EU documents, the EU statistics of cultural values and the ideas of critical theory and critical pedagogy. The analysis shows that the new school culture creates a new type of relationships between the teacher and the students and changes their roles. The teachers become cultural consumers while students tend to be more innovative and creative, to perceive their personal role as that of a creator. Such a transformation of the relationship develops naturally in spite of school administrators’ efforts to ensure the old type of relationships and the growing school life control through rituals, teaching vocabulary and pedagogical code, described by Bernstein, McLaren, Foucault and others. The new way of learning depends on the new technologies helping a student "to be" at a huge distance and in different places in one moment, but this opportunity is not accounted for by school administrators and teachers. They limit this possibility through school structure, norms, standards, vocabulary, in other words, use the management of students’ time and space and thus increase students’ disappointment with school culture. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1392-5016; 1648-665X
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/43277
Updated:
2018-12-17 13:22:28
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