Regionų konkurencingumo įvertinimas - pradinis regioninės politikos realizavimo etapas

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Regionų konkurencingumo įvertinimas - pradinis regioninės politikos realizavimo etapas
Alternative Title:
Assessing regional competitiveness - inicial stage in the regional policy
In the Journal:
Organizacijų vadyba: sisteminiai tyrimai [Management of Organizations: Systematic Research]. 2002, Nr. 22, p. 99-116
Keywords:
LT
Regionai; Regionų ekonomika; Regionų konkurencingumas.
EN
Regions; Regional policy; Regional competitiveness.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje apžvelgiamos teorinės prielaidos tiriant regionų konkurencingumo veiksnius ir analizuojama ūkio struktūros įtaka regionų ekonomikos plėtrai. Įrodytas koreliacinis ryšys tarp bendrojo vidinio produkto (BVP) dydžio, tenkančio vienam regiono gyventojui, ir pramonės bei paslaugų išvystymo bei atvirkštinis BVP koreliacinis ryšys su žemės ūkio sektoriaus dydžiu. Įvertinta eksporto priklausomybė nuo investicijų dydžio ir pramonės plėtros. Įrodyta, kad per paskutiniuosius penkerius metus valstybės ekonomikos plėtra poliarizavusi, didėjo Lietuvos regionų divergencija, ir tai turėjo neigiamų ekonominių bei socialinių pasekmių. [Iš leidinio]

ENDevelopment of the theory on regional policy, its application in Western states and economic expedience arc being reviewed in the article. It has been proved that balanced economic development diminishes the existing economic and social differences in the country and also creates conditions for a more speedy economic development of the country. The ways of the implementation of the regional policy paradigm is being analyzed in the article. The aim of the article is to assess the impact of the country's economic structure on the level of the region's compatibility and the existing degree of divergences. The statistic analysis of the data has proved that the region's compatibility is directly dependant on its industrial structure. Agricultural regions create lessadded value than industrial ones, attract a smaller amount of private investments and influence higher migration of qualified employees to other regions. The unemployment rate is lower In industrial regions, higher added value is being created there, and export volume to foreign markets is higher from these regions as well. Industry in those regions attracts much more investments and increases their competitiveness. In some regions the structure of export is ineffective as it mainly consists of raw materials and intermediate products. Service sector prevails in economically developed regions. Regional policy in Lithuania should rely on scientific researches, which assess regional advantages and problems in general. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1392-1142; 2335-8750
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/38208
Updated:
2018-12-17 11:05:08
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