Dirbančių nuteistųjų valstybinio socialinio draudimo reguliavimo ypatumai ir perspektyvos Lietuvoje

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Dirbančių nuteistųjų valstybinio socialinio draudimo reguliavimo ypatumai ir perspektyvos Lietuvoje
Alternative Title:
Working prison inmates and state social insurance system in Lithuania: peculiarities and perspectives
In the Journal:
Teisės problemos. 2012, Nr. 2 (76), p. 68-95
Darbo teisė / Labor law; Draudimas / Insurance; Nuteistieji / Convicts; Socialinė apsauga. Pensijos / Social security. Pensions; Žmogaus teisės / Human rights.
Summary / Abstract:

LTMokslo straipsnyje analizuojama, kaip Lietuvos Respublikoje reglamentuojami dirbančių nuteistųjų valstybinio socialinio draudimo klausimai, taip pat aptariamos teisinio reguliavimo šioje srityje tobulinimo galimybės. Straipsnyje aptariama valstybinio socialinio draudimo samprata, nuteistųjų darbo specifika ir skirtumai nuo įprastų darbinių santykių, taip pat galiojančio teisinio reguliavimo atitiktis žmogaus teisėms. Siekiant platesnio požiūrio analizuojama ir užsienio valstybių praktika nagrinėjamoje srityje. Reziumuojant pateikiamos rekomendacijos dėl galimybių plėsti dirbančių nuteistųjų socialines garantijas juos plačiau įtraukiant į valstybinio socialinio draudimo sistemų. [Iš leidinio]Reikšminiai žodžiai: Dirbantys nuteistieji; Nuteistųjų darbas ir garantijos; Nuteistųjų teisė; Socialinis draudimas; Žmogaus teisės; Human rights; Social insurance; Social insurance, the rights of convicts, convict labor and guarantees; Working prisoners.

ENThe article aims to answer the question whether there are preconditions to expand the scope of state social insurance regarding working prisoners. Currently working prison inmates cannot enjoy full protection of state social insurance system. Prisoners are covered only partially because they are entitled just to social insurance against labour accidents and occupational diseases. In addition, they can self-insure themselves. Second part of the article deals with the concept of state social insurance, covers main features and types of social insurance as well as different approaches to this concept. Third part is devoted to the peculiarities of legal regulation of prisoners work. Key questions in this part are conceptual differences and similarities between prison work and "normal" work. Consequently analysis of legal regulation of prison labour relations is provided. In the fourth part of the article legal framework of state social insurance related to working prison inmates is being analyzed. Lithuanian legal regulation in this sphere is compared to the regulation of some foreign countries, mostly to Germany. Main conclusion of this part is that existing legal framework creates big obstacles to prisoners and former prisoners obtain the rights to different social guaranties. Although there is a legal opportunity to self-insure, it should be noted that this possibility is used by inmates very rarely if used at all. Fifth part deals with presupposed contradiction between existing legal regulation and basic human rights. It is concluded with a statement that it can be possibly discriminatory whereas lack of essential social guaranties in this case cannot be justified by the purpose of punishment and/or necessity. Moreover, it can be considered that such regulation is disproportional.Final part of the article analyses the question about the possibilities to increase the scope of social protection of prisoners by strengthening compulsory state insurance for inmates. Nevertheless, several different factors including financial potential of the state should be taken into account. Therefore, it is recommended to change existing social insurance system gradually at first targeting the most problematic types of social insurance, for example, insurance against unemployment. [From the publication]

1392-1592; 2351-6364
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2017-07-16 15:30:53
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