Mokinių kūrybinių gebėjimų ugdymo muzikos pamokoje ypatumai

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knygos dalis / Part of the book
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Mokinių kūrybinių gebėjimų ugdymo muzikos pamokoje ypatumai
Alternative Title:
Development of pupils' creative skills' in a music lesson
In the Book:
Meninis ugdymas: tyrimų tradicijos ir perspektyva / sudarytoja Rūta Girdzijauskienė. Klaipėda: Klaipėdos universiteto leidykla, 2011. P. 128-137
Kūrybiškumas / Creativity; Muzika / Music.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje analizuojami kūrybinių gebėjimų ugdymo muzikos pamokoje ypatumai: pagrindžiamas kūrybiškumo ugdymo aktualumas, pristatomi svarbiausi asmens kūrybiniai gebėjimai, atskleidžiamas kūrybinių gebėjimų raiškos muzikine veikla pobūdis. Straipsnyje pateikiami tyrimo, kurio metu stebėta 150 muzikos pamokų (50 pradinėse, 50 vidurinėse, 50 aukštesnėse klasėse), duomenys, atskleidžiantys kūrybiškumo ugdymo situaciją Lietuvos mokyklose. [Iš leidinio]Reikšminiai žodžiai: Kūrybiniai gebėjimai; Muzikinė veikla; Pamoka; Creative skills for musical activities; Crerative abilityes; Lesson; Musical activity.

ENThe works of music pedagogues are mostly concerned with the analysis of children's musical creativity, which is understood as the process of creation and at the same time as the musical result obtained from it. Therefore, the greatest attention is paid to those aspects of musical activity (improvisation, creation of compositions), where a musical product is obtained. Meanwhile, other spheres of musical activity (performance, evaluation of music) are discussed rather fragmentarily. Lithuanian music pedagogues base music education on the principle of complexity and follow the rule that pupils' creative expression is possible in all spheres of musical activity. Referring to the fact that a lesson is considered to be the main form of music education in a comprehensive school in Lithuania, development of pupils' creativity in a music lesson has been chosen as the object of the research. The aim of the research - to reveal the peculiarities of development of pupils' creativity in a music lesson. […] The aim has been to ascertain how much attention is devoted to the development of creativity in Lithuanian music programmes of the years 1997, 2003, and 2009. The analysis of music textbooks (altogether 24 textbooks) has been aimed at determining how many and what type of creative tasks are given to the pupils. Preparing the methodology of empiric research, firstly the theoretical-empirical model of manifestation of pupils' creativity in musical activity has been designed. There the spheres of musical-creative activity have been discerned: performance of music, creation of music and evaluation of music.Empiric indications of manifestation of creativity in the abovementioned spheres have been defined as well. Referring to the theoretical-empirical model, the observation methodology for the activity of pupils and teachers in a music lesson has been created. 150 lessons have been observed at Lithuanian schools. Attention was focused on: 1) Time devoted to separate musical activities and the number of divergent tasks and questions presented in them. 2) The number of pupils provided with the opportunity for creative expression. Altogether 2883 pupils participated in the observed lessons. 3) Concern for the development of solitary indications of pupils' creativity. Pedagogues pay the greatest attention to the development of pupils' creativity during performance and evaluation of music. Most rarely pupils are involved in creation of music. Divergent tasks and questions were presented only in half of the observed lessons. Music lessons were oriented to memorisation and reproduction of knowledge, development of musical skills. Though 27.8% of pupils who took part in the lessons were encouraged for individual expression, the majority of them answered the questions of teachers only in some words. Almost a third of the lesson time was devoted to presentation of information and to the control of its appropriation. The received data has been not only analysed in general, but it has also been compared in which classes more attention is paid to the development of creativity. [From the publication]

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2014-04-07 19:27:29
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