Unmanned bonds: the impact of self-automated service on consumer loyalty

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Anglų kalba / English
Title:
Unmanned bonds: the impact of self-automated service on consumer loyalty
Alternative Title:
Žmogaus nevaldomi saitai: automatinės savitarnos poveikis pirkėjų lojalumui
In the Journal:
Inžinerinė ekonomika [Engineering Economics]. 2011, 22 (2), p. 203-213
Keywords:
LT
Asmeninis aptarnavimas; Asmeninis aptarnavimas, lojalumas; Automatai; Lojalumas; Savitarna; Technologija; Vartotojai.
EN
Automated service; Consumer behavior; Consumer loyalty; Personal service; Self-service.
Summary / Abstract:

LT[...] Straipsnis yra aktualus vartotojų elgseną tyrinėjantiems specialistams ir savitarnos technologijų kūrėjams. Tyrimo problematika apima nišą rinkos tyrimuose. Nors lojalumo reiškinys apskritai nėra naujas ar neaptartas, tačiau lojalumas sistemoms ir rekomendacijos pirmiausia naudingos rinkodaros studijoms, taip pat vadybiniams sprendimams prekybos vietose. Prieš įrengiant savitarnos sistemas bei jas naudojant, prekiautojui reikia išsiaiškinti, ar šios sistemos neatbaidys pirkėjų. Šios sistemos turi ir teigiamą poveikį, kad pritrauktų pirkėjus. Taigi nėra visiškai aišku, kokį poveikį savitarnos automatų paslaugos turi pirkėjų lojalumui. Tyrimo tikslas – apibrėžti Lietuvos vartotojų požiūrį į automatinę savitarną lojalumo požiūriu; suformuoti pagrindą bei duomenų bazę tolesniems tyrimams atlikti. Tyrimo uždaviniai: apžvelgti literatūrą apie vartotojų ir savitarnos automatinių sistemų sąveiką ir nustatyti esamų žinių spragas ar prieštaravimus; tiksliai nustatyti tyrimo kryptį, remiantis analizuota literatūra ir praktiniu pritaikomumu. Aprašyti vartotojų bruožus, kurie turi įtakos tam tikram požiūriui į savitarnos sistemas; įvertinti vartotojų bruožų svarbą aptarnavimo tipui pasirinkti, atlikti statistinę apklausos metu surinktų duomenų analizę. Klasifikuoti bruožus pagal demografines ypatybes; Pateikti rekomendacijas tolesniems tyrimams atlikti, taip pat pateikti praktinio pritaikymo išvadas. Šiame straipsnyje aptariama klientų lojalumo ir savitarnos technologijų sąveika. Tyrimas grindžiamas 547 respondentų statistine imtimi ir prielaida apie galbūt technologijų skatinamą lojalumą. Įvertinti naudojimo būdai ir nuomonės. Rezultatai rodo, kad vartotojai, kurie parodė teigiamą požiūrį į savitarnos automatus, taip pat pozityviau vertina ir paslaugų teikėjus (įmones). [...]. [Iš leidinio]

ENSelf-service is a type of service, where a customer can perceive his/her buying action with more self-involvement. Since a customer has an impact on the quality of the creation of the service experience, it naturally has an effect on the image of the company. The loyalty to a store or a brand is affected by the customer’s experience as well. This effect on customer attraction to a company is an important variable in business. The literature therefore identified four main loyalty forms in the area of consumer behavior: brand loyalty, vendor loyalty, store loyalty and service loyalty. Before installation and during the usage of self-service automated systems, it is useful for vendors to know if it would not discourage some customers. Yet, the affect of self-service option deployment on customer loyalty is not known. The purpose of the research was to investigate and relate certain consumers’ traits to the usage/preference of self-service technology. It was discovered that, on average, more than 50% are active users and prefer ASS to personal service. The discovery of enhanced attitude towards a company, which offers self-service option, suggests opportunities of new type of loyalty development. The structure of the paper is determined by the scope of the research purpose. In the first two parts of the paper, the theoretical framework behind the proposed approach was evaluated. The methodological and analysis chapter discusses consumer behavior from a service and store loyalty perspective.The hypothesis of this paper is that the choice of self-service technology leads to a trait in that technology, resulting in a positive attitude towards the company. The empirical research is based on a sample of 547 respondents and addresses the potential existence of technology-driven loyalty. Usage patterns and opinions are assessed. Comparison of means and binomial regression were used to test for significant linkages between traits and usage/preference for self-service technologies. Research objectives were: review the literature about consumer interaction with self-service technologies and identify missing gaps/contradictions in existing knowledge, describe consumer traits, that are influential for certain attitudes towards self-service technologies, evaluate the importance of different consumer traits for preference and usage, using a statistical analysis and data from the survey; classify the traits on demographical parameters and provide recommendations for further exploration and implications for practical application. The findings indicate that consumers with a positive attitude towards self-service machines express an increased attraction to service providers. However, the frequency of usage has not a significant impact on the perception off self-service technology attributes. Furthermore, the findings show that the perceived advantages of self-service technology are homogenous among various users groups. The enhanced attitude towards a company, which offers a self-service option, suggests opportunities of a new type of loyalty development. […]. [text from author]

ISSN:
1392-2785; 2029-5839
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Updated:
2018-12-17 12:57:48
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