Iracionalumo apraiškos XX a. užsienio ir Lietuvos architektūroje

Direct Link:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Iracionalumo apraiškos XX a. užsienio ir Lietuvos architektūroje
Alternative Title:
Irrationality in global and Lithuanian architecture of the 20th century
In the Journal:
Urbanistika ir architektūra. 2010, t. 34, Nr. 3, p. 151-160
Architektūra / Architecture; Estetika / Aesthetics; Jaunimas / Youth.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje analizuojamas iracionalumas kaip šiuolaikinės architektūros meninės išraiškos forma, aptariama iracionalumo sąvoka architektūros mene. Taip pat charakterizuojamos sociokultūrinės prielaidos, filosofinės, meno srovės, dariusios įtaką iracionalumo požymiams architektūroje. Nagrinėjami pasauliniai ir Lietuvos iracionaliosios architektūros analogai, apžvelgiamos iracionalumo apraiškos stilistinėje architektūros raidoje. [Iš leidinio]Reikšminiai žodžiai: Daugiaplaniškumas; Daugiasluoksniškumas; Dekoratyvumas; Estetiniai bruožai; Iracionalioji architektūra Lietuvoje; Iracionalumas; Plastiškumas; Racionalumas; Skulptūrinė forma; Šiuolaikinė architektūra; Aesthetic features; Contemporary architecture; Decorative; Decorativity; Irrational architecture in Lithuania; Irrationality; Multilayer; Plastic; Plasticity; Rationality; Sculpture form.

ENThe paper analyses irrationality as an expression of modern architecture, overviews the concept of irrational architecture. Various art and philosophical trends, that influenced the development of architecture in the 20th century, are analysed. Influences of global and Lithuanian analogues of irrational architecture on the development of architectural styles are presented. Since the concept of irrational architecture hasn’t been widely analysed, the paper suggests several approaches of analysis of irrational forms in architecture. The author arrives at the following conclusions: –– Irrationality is an opposite expression of rationality, pragmatism, posityvism, technicist morphology. It’s based on deconstruction, indetermination, roughness, dramatic expression, etc. –– The effect of irrationality can be obtained by two ways: using decorations, ornaments, polichromy, and using deformations of forms and constructions. –– Irrational trends in architecture are caused by several factors. Philosophical trends such as reliatyvism, irrationalism, intuityvism, psychoanalysis, deconstructyvism, and art trends such as cubism, symbolism, expressionism, art deco, surrealism, etc. Irrational trends in global and Lithuanian architecture of the 20th century can be noticed in art nouveau, art deco, organic, late modern, postmodern, deconstructyvist architectural styles. [From the publication]

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2021-03-04 09:25:26
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