Ikiteisminio tyrimo duomenų atskleidimas be leidimo ir jo baudžiamasis teisinis vertinimas

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Ikiteisminio tyrimo duomenų atskleidimas be leidimo ir jo baudžiamasis teisinis vertinimas
Alternative Title:
Disclosure of pretrial criminal investigation material and its evaluation under criminal law
In the Journal:
Jurisprudencija [Jurisprudence]. 2008, Nr. 11 (113), p. 84-90
Notes:
LDB Open.
Keywords:
LT
baudžiamoji teisė; ikiteisminis tyrimas; formali nusikalstamos; veikos sudėtis
EN
criminal law; pretrial investigation; offense with formal corpus; delicti
Summary / Abstract:

LTIkiteisminio tyrimo duomenų apie nusikalstamų veikų padarymą prieinamumas visuomenei buvo, yra ir bus teisininkų ir žiniasklaidos atstovų diskusijų objektu. Vis dažniau išgirstame, kad žiniasklaidos priemonės paviešino ikiteisminio tyrimo metu surinktus duomenis. Dažnai net slapta operatyvinė informacija paviešinama anksčiau, negu su ja susipažįsta valstybės pareigūnai. Kalbant apie ikiteisminio tyrimo duomenų atskleidimą ne vien tik etikos, bet ir teisės prasme, kaltinti galima ir derėtų ne vien tik žiniasklaidos atstovus. Dažnai ikiteisminio tyrimo duomenys atskleidžiami pačių ikiteisminio proceso dalyvių. Be abejo, tai būtų galima sieti su tuo, kad informacijos atskleidėjas visuomenei daro paslaugą atskleisdamas nusikalstamas veikas. Tačiau tai nepateisinama, o už neteisėtą tokios informacijos atskleidimą yra numatyta baudžiamoji atsakomybė. Straipsnis turėtų būti naudingas visiems besidomintiems baudžiamąja teise taip pat praktiniams teisėsaugos institucijų darbuotojams. [Iš leidinio]

ENPretrial criminal investigation is a topic which attracts discussions among lawyers and representatives of media. Mass media quite often publishes pretrial criminal investigation material. It happens quite often that classified information is disclosed even earlier than information is known to officials. From the ethical and legal point of view not only representatives of media should be blamed for this. Frequently this material is disclosed by officers conducting the investigation themselves. This act is considered criminal under the Criminal Code of Lithuania. The exceptionality of the data of pre-trial criminal investigation is that it is collected for a specific purpose to make a legal evaluation of a certain act, which can only be done by a court. Use of this data for any other purpose apart from the purposes of criminal procedure is a violation of the presumption of innocence. It further constitutes a breach of the principle that justice is administered only by courts. In the article, the author analyzes the theoretical and practical problems concerning the application of Article 247 of the Criminal Code, which makes disclosure of classified pre-trial material unlawful.The author emphasizes that unlawful disclosure of classified pre-trial material for the purposes of publishing this information is against the interests of the law enforcement institutions themselves, discredits the impartiality of the criminal procedure and makes it more difficult or even impossible to carry on criminal proceedings due to violation of the presumption of innocence. The author notes that it is the position of the Supreme Court that only the participants of the criminal procedure or other persons having seen the pre-trial investigation may be charged for breaching Article 247 of the Criminal Code. The author emphasizes that these are the law enforcement officers who need to decide themselves when to request the courts to classify certain pre-trial material and to what extent such classification should be made, in view of the circumstances of each criminal case. The understanding of the crime of disclosure of pretrial criminal investigation material without the permission of the competent state institutions also depends on the logical and systemic interpretation of the relevant provisions of the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1392-6195, 2029-2058
Subject:
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/16391
Updated:
2018-12-17 12:14:56
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