Humanitariniai ir socialiniai mokslai Europos mokslinių tyrimų erdvėje

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Humanitariniai ir socialiniai mokslai Europos mokslinių tyrimų erdvėje
In the Journal:
Informacijos mokslai. 2003, t. 27, p. 23-39
Keywords:
LT
Europos mokslinių tyrimų erdvė; Vieninga Europos mokslinių tyrimų erdvė; Lietuvos mokslo politika; Europos Sąjunga (European Union).
EN
Human Sciences; European Research Area; Euopean research area ERA; European Union; Lithuanian science politics.
Summary / Abstract:

LT2002 m. prasidėjusi Europos Sąjungos 6-oji Bendroji mokslinių tyrimų programa bene pirmą kartą ES mokslo politikoje svarbesnę vietą skiria humanitariniams ir socialiniams mokslams. Iki šiol ES mokslo politika buvo beveik išimtinai orientuota į fizinių, Nemedicininių ir technikos mokslų plėtrą. Neatsitiktinai, matyt, ir atskirų ES šalių narių ir šalių kandidačių, tarp jų ir Lietuvos, mokslo politikoje daugiausia dėmesio irgi skiriama fiziniams, biomedicininiams ir technikos mokslams, o humanitariniai ir socialiniai mokslai lieka šešėlyje. Lietuvai integruojantis j ES, harmoningos ir tiek Sąjungai, tiek Lietuvai palankios nacionalinės mokslo politikos formavimas yra pirmaeilės svarbos uždavinys. Be to, ES yra iškėlusi vieningos mokslo erdvės formavimo uždavinį. Šiame kontekste prasminga išryškinti humanitarinių ir socialinių mokslų vietą Europos ir Lietuvos mokslinių tyrimų erdvėje. Toks ir yra šio straipsnio tikslas. [Iš leidinio]

ENIn 2000, the European Union (EU) leaders formulated the ten-year vision for the enlarged common Europe: "becoming by 2010 the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world". This goal, known as Lisbon agenda, was followed up by a common decision in Barcelona in 2002 to "increase the national spending on research and development from today's 2 % of GDP to 3 % in 2010". In January 2000, the European Commission (EC) launched a proposal for the realization of a European Research Area (ERA), trying to bring more coherence into Europe's highly fragmented science and research landscape. The 6th Frame work Program (6 FP) - one of the major instruments of ERA implementation was recently launched. Although on the whole scientific research is given high priority in EU policy, it is mostly natural and physical sciences that are being promoted and supported, with social, and especially human sciences being somewhat in a shadow of the main European political stream. The article aims to examine the role and changing place of social and human sciences (SHS) in the European research area in order to formulate the suggestions for the SHS Strategy that is being prepared through the year 2003 by the SHS Strategy Working Group under the Ministry of education and research of the Republic of Lithuania. Building critical mass in SHS at EU level in the past has proved to be a difficult task, as these sciences are deeply embedded in the national states' infrastructures.The discussion paper Implementation of ERA in the social and human sciences, published in 2003, states that "social, economic and political phenomena have been studied traditionally in the national context, and hence the scale and pace of development of European collaborative research and infrastructure support had continued to lag behind the natural sciences". Though the EU RTD Framework Programmes (FP), especially the 6th FP (2002-2006), offer new opportunities for social sciences, humanities are still mostly outside the EU research policy focus. This leads to a conclusion that the EU Member States and especially the candidate countries have a double task not only to adjust their national funding arrangements in order to promote European dimension but also to consider the funding strategies for nationally required and nationally important SHS research. Currently, an intensive debate is going on in the European research community and among the science politicians about the necessity to establish an European research council ERC that would support science-driven / curiosity-driven high level research that is outside the priorities of the EU FP. In order to set up an effective ERA in SHS, it is important to recognize the varying impacts of EU funding on national research programs, as well as different types of national funding arrangements and institutional landscapes in each country. ERA policy-makers should avoid applying "one size fit" approach to building bridges between national and European research programs, especially in the field of SHS. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1392-0561
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/12363
Updated:
2018-12-17 11:10:41
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