National heroes and national identities : Scotland, Norway and Lithuania

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knyga / Book
Anglų kalba / English
National heroes and national identities: Scotland, Norway and Lithuania
Publication Data:
Brussels : Peter Lang, 2004.
320 p
Multiple Europes
Acknowledgements — Foreword / Tom M. Devine — Introduction. The Heroic in the Changing World — Civitas Popularis: Scotland — Prefatory Note — The Wallace Traditions: Epic Sources; Print; Covenanting Traditions; Conclusion — The Hero Transformed: Territorial Nationalism; British Rebranding; Liberty and Poetry; Conclusion — Traditions of National Hero: Heroic Ancestors; Monumental Hero; Hero of a People; Church and Nation; Civic Nationalism; The Wallace Day; Conclusion — Regnum: Norway — Prefatory Note — Traditions of the Norse Kings: The Kings' Sagas; Denmark: A Dual Sceptre; Sweden: The Gothic Empire; Norway: Crown and Fatherland; Conclusion — Norwegian Hero-King: The Crown Restored; Scandinavianism; The Olav Day; The Olsok Movement; National Socialism; Conclusion — Optimatium Dominatus: Lithuania — Prefatory Note — The Grand Ducal Traditions; The Grand Duchy of Lithuania; Resisting the Crown; Heirs to the Grand Dukes; Heroes for the Empire; Conclusion — The Hero for Lithuanians: Linguistic Nationalism; In the Name of Vytautas; Conclusion — Comparative Conclusions: Heroic Traditions; Lineages of Statehood; Rhetoric of the Heroic; Smaller Nations in Multiple Unions — Selected Bibliography.
Vytautas Didysis, 1350-1430 (Vytautas the Great); 12 amžius; 13 amžius; 14 amžius; 15 amžius; 16 amžius; 17 amžius; 18 amžius; 19 amžius; 20 amžius; Lietuva (Lithuania); Norvegija (Norway); Jungtinė Karalystė (United Kingdom); Kultūrinis identitetas / Cultural identitity.
Summary / Abstract:

LTReikšminiai žodžiai: Herojinė retorika; Herojinės tradicijos; Herojus; Nacionalizmas; Norvegija (Norway); Tapatumas; Tautiniai herojai; Tautinius tapatumas; Vytautas; Škotija; Hero; Heroic traditions; Identity; Lithuania; National heroes; National identities; Nationalism; Rhetoric of the Heroic; Scotland; Vytautas.

ENThis book investigates the concept of the heroic, questions what it is that makes the national hero an indispensable appendage to any possible interpretation of national identity, and asks why scholars stop short before coming to terms with this elusive phenomenon. It finds answers by following heroic traditions in Scotland, Norway and Lithuania from the early modern period to the twentieth century. The book argues that heroic traditions – prevailing trends in situating heroes in national history – owe much to the early modern state. Both national heroes and the nation state had been conceived with a similar moral political mindset that looked for new ways to identify sources for commonality. The confluence of political theory and Realpolitik attested to three classical types of polities, i.e. civitas popularis (democracy), regnum (kingship), and optimatium (aristocracy), as found at that time in Scotland, Norway and Lithuania respectively. The author shows the varied impact these patterns had on heroic traditions. The long record of national heroes in Scotland is explained as a vestige of the legacy of civic humanism, the continuing traditions of the heroic king-lines in Norway are seen as a result of long-standing absolutism, while the belated arrival of national heroes in Lithuania is excused by the country’s aristocratic if at times oligarchic past.

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2020-10-06 17:26:49
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