Lithuanian active labour market policy in 2009-2020: a social investment perspective

Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Anglų kalba / English
Title:
Lithuanian active labour market policy in 2009-2020: a social investment perspective
Alternative Title:
Aktywna polityka rynku pracy na Litwie w latach 2009–2020: perspektywa inwestycji społecznych
In the Journal:
Labor et educatio. 2021, 9, p. 153-167
Keywords:
LT
Darbo rinka / Labour market; Investicijos / Investments.
Summary / Abstract:

LTReikšminiai žodžiai: Aktyvi darbo rinkos politika; Socialinės investicijos; Lietuva. Keywords: Active labour market policy; Social investment; Lithuania.

ENAn active labour market policy is an integral part of social policy, ensuring support for the unemployed to search for a job through developing their skills. Thus, the active labour market policy is part of the social investment, focusing on investment in people’s knowledge. The heart of social investment is the design of policy-enhancing people to work, use their skills, create families and grow up children. The active labour market policy was analysed, focusing on the measures and their development in Lithuania. At the same time, the analysis from the social investment perspective was missing. Thus, this research aims to analyse Lithuania’s active labour market policy from the social investment perspective between 2009 and 2020. The choice of the period was determined by the time of the world financial crisis in 2009 and the Covid-19 pandemic crisis in 2020. The analysis of legal documents and Eurostat data for 2009-2018 was used to attain the formulated aim. Additionally, the meta-analysis of the Ministry of Social security and Labour’s Social Reports in 2009-2017 was used to analyse active labour market policy development. The research is based on methodology, which suggests classifying the active labour market measures into the strong and weak investments in human capital.A strong investment provides basic education or training, and a weak one creates new jobs, job subsidies, counselling, services for getting the job, job searching programmes, benefits, and taxes allowances. The analysis of the Lithuanian active labour market policy measures revealed that both strong and weak investments in human capital were balanced only during the crises. However, during the inter-crisis period, Lithuania’s active labour market policy measures were more focused on the weaker investment in human capital measures or the “job first” strategy. The strong investment in human capital was the lowest in Lithuania among other Baltic countries during the analysed period.

DOI:
10.4467/25439561LE.21.010.15364
ISSN:
2353-4745; 2544-0179
Related Publications:
Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/96282
Updated:
2022-10-05 04:44:14
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