A Note on the Balto-Slavic and Indo-European background of the Proto-Slavic adjective *svętъ ‘Holy’

Collection:
Sklaidos publikacijos / Dissemination publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Anglų kalba / English
Title:
A Note on the Balto-Slavic and Indo-European background of the Proto-Slavic adjective *svętъ ‘Holy’
Authors:
In the Journal:
Studia Ceranea. 2017, 7, p. 139-149
Notes:
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Slavistika; Baltistika; Filologija; Kalbotyra; Būdvardžiai; Etimologija; Šventas. Keywords: Slavistic; Baltistic; The Philology; Linguistics; Adjectivs; Etymology; Holy.
Keywords:
LT
Etimologija / Etymology; Slavų ir baltų kalbos.
EN
Adjective; Būdvardis; Proto-Indo-European; Proto-Slavic.
Summary / Abstract:

ENThe standard etymological explanation of the Proto-Slavic adjective *svętъ ‘holy, saint’ – a word of extreme literary, cultural and religious importance in the Slavic world – concentrates on the formal match with Lithuanian šventas ‘id.’ and Avestan spəṇta‑ ‘life-giving, holy’ (PIE *ḱwen‑to‑, from the root *ḱwen‑). This article highlights the verbal formation seen in Latvian svinêtsvin svinẽjo ‘celebrate, venerate’, generally recognized as another reflex of the root *ḱwen‑ in Balto-Slavic, but without due attention to the formal implications. It is argued that both in Av. and in BSl. the adjective spəṇta‑/*svętъ behaves as an item participating in the so-called ‘Caland System’ (a set of arbitrary morphological alternations reconstructible for Proto-Indo-European). [From the publication]

DOI:
10.18778/2084-140X.07.09
ISSN:
2084-140X; 2449-8378
Related Publications:
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/95794
Updated:
2022-12-28 18:08:32
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