Семантика приставки da- в литовском языке

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Rusų kalba / Russian
Семантика приставки da- в литовском языке
Alternative Title:
Semantics of the prefix da- in Lithuanian
In the Journal:
Acta linguistica petropolitana. 2016, 12, 1, p. 89-100. Исследования по типологии и грамматике
Kalbos dalys. Morfologija / Morphology; Kalbų kontaktai / Language contacts; Slavų kalbos / Slavic languages; Tarmės. Dialektai. Dialektologija / Dialects. Dialectology; Žodžių daryba. Žodžio dalys / Word formation. Parts of a word.
Summary / Abstract:

LTReikšminiai žodžiai: Kalbų kontaktai; Priešdėlis; Priešdėlis da-; Slavų kalbos; Tarmės; Veiksmažodis; Dialects; Language contacts; Lithuanian; Prefix; Prefix da-; Slavic languages; Verb.

ENThe paper analyses semantics of the verbal prefix da- in Lithuanian. An East Slavic borrowing, this prefix is not acknowledged by normative grammars, yet it is widely used in dialects and colloquial speech. Da- is fully integrated into the system of Lithuanian verbal prefixes: it “moves” the r p. 840]flexive affix from the word-final position to the pre-root position and can be stressed. Analysis of the prefix semantics and its compatibility with verbal stems shows that in Lithuanian dialects the prefix is used similarly to the Polish do- and Belarusian да- while its use in modern urban colloquial speech often calques verbal formations typical for Russian. As a result of semantic similarity of the borrowed prefix da- and the indigenous pri-, the prefix da- calques some meanings typical for the Lithuanian pri-, but not its Slavic correlate. Thus, semantics of the prefix da- in Lithuanian is a set of meanings and usages borrowed from all three neighbouring languages (Belarusian, Polish and Russian) and also calqued from the Lithuanian prefix pri-. [From the publication p. 840]

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2021-03-04 09:24:36
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