Lietuvos Didžiosios Kunigaikštystės gyventojų refleksijos apie politines permainas 1794 m. pabaigoje - 1795 m. privačios korespondencijos duomenimis

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knygos dalis / Part of the book
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Lietuvos Didžiosios Kunigaikštystės gyventojų refleksijos apie politines permainas 1794 m. pabaigoje - 1795 m. privačios korespondencijos duomenimis
Alternative Title:
Reflections of inhabitants of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania on political changes at the end of 1794 to 1795 according to the data of private correspondence
In the Book:
Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė : personalijos, idėjos, refleksijos / sudarytoja Ramunė Šmigelskytė-Stukienė. Vilnius: Lietuvos istorijos institutas, 2020. P. 335-357. (XVIII amžiaus studijos; 6)
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė (LDK; Grand Duchy of Lithuania; GDL); Rusijos imperija (Russian Empire); Privati korespondencija; 1794 m. Tado Kosciuškos sukilimas; Trečiasis Abiejų Tautų Respublikos padalijimas; Lojalumas; Kariuomenė; Russian Empire; Private correspondence; 1794 uprising of Tadeusz Kościuszko; Third partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth; Loyalty; Military.
Kariuomenė / Army; Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė (Lietuva; LDK; Grand Duchy of Lithuania; GDL); Lojalumas; Privati korespondencija; Trečiasis Abiejų Tautų Respublikos padalijimas.
Summary / Abstract:

LTDarbe tiriama 1794 m. pabaigos (Tado Kosciuškos sukilimo pralaimėjimo) - 1795m- vėlyvo rudens (trečiojo Abiejų Tautų Respublikos padalijimo) laikotarpio Lietuvos Didžiosios Kunigaikštystės vietinių gyventojų privati korespondencija, kurioje minėtos politinės permainos. Analizuojamos to meto susirašinėjimo temos ir visuomenės reakcija į valstybės egzistavimo pabaigoje vykusius politinius procesus bei jų padarinius - naujos administracijos kūrimusi, sukilimo atgarsius. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe article is dedicated to the research of the private correspondence of inhabitants of local voivodeships in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the period between the end of 1794 and the first three quarters of 1795. The aim of the article is to see the reactions of state or powiat officers, regular nobles, bishops, lower ranking clerics and friars, university professors and military officers towards changes the that were eliminating the statehood and to reveal general tendencies of the letters. The letters that mention political changes in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania at the end of the year 1794 to the first three quarters of 1795 are not many - 24 pieces. Most of the letters were written from rural areas, provincial towns and boroughs, 5 letters are from Vilnius and 3 from Grodno. Sometimes the letters mention the Supreme Board of the Land, the Russian imperial institution, which then had taken over the governance. In very seldom cases the fact of swearing oath to the Empire is mentioned. The topic of loyalty to the new government is also rare, mostly when talking about communication with the newly formed administration or officers of the foreign army. The letter that stands out is the one by Feliks Warzyński, the flagbearer of Samogitia and elder of Tirkšliai, the text of which is addressing the breaking of the law during a dietine. The most common topic ofprivate correspondence is the factor of the Russian Imperial army. The authors that wrote on these topics mention taxes, supplying of food and feed, lootings, and the options ofprotecting their possessions. The letters mention pursuit of favour from the top military leadership and commanders of units.The reverberations of the 1794 uprising of T. Kościuszko are not ample in the private correspondence. Residents of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania complained and pleaded, for themselves or their relatives, regarding their status of prisoners, also property and food taken by the military in the course of the uprising. The style of most letters is sufficiendy calm and business-like, although sometimes bursting with sadness, hopelessness and uncertainty. Sometimes they tell of the very situation of this deep crisis, mentioning the devastation of the land, hunger and difficulty in communicating. [From the publication]

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2022-01-07 14:03:13
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