The Soviet counterinsurgency in the western borderlands

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knyga / Book
Anglų kalba / English
The Soviet counterinsurgency in the western borderlands
Publication Data:
Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2013 (2010).
xvi, 368 p
Bibliografija ir rodyklė. Reikšminiai žodžiai: Kolektyvinė atsakomybė; Masinė deportacija; Aneksija; Lenkija (Lenkijos karalystė. Kingdom of Poland. Poland); Baltijos valstybės; Pasienis; Sovietų Sąjunga (SSRS; Soviet Union; USSR); Vokiečių okupacija; Nacionalinis pasipriešinimas; Bažnyčia; Soviet Union; Collective responsibility; Mass deportation; Annexation; Baltic States; Borderland; German occupation; Nationalist resistance; Church.
List of Figures — List of Tables — Acknowledgments — Glossary — Introduction — 1 Origins of Soviet Counterinsurgency — 2 The Borderland Societies in the Interwar Period: The First SovietOccupation and the Emergence of Nationalist Resistance — 3 The Borderlands under German Occupation (1941-1944): Social Context of the Soviet Reconquest. 3.1 The Borderlands during the German Onslaught ; 3.2 The German Occupation Policies ; 3.3 German and Soviet Collaborators duringthe German Occupation ; 3.4 The Nationalists during the German Occupation — 4 Nationalist Resistance after the Soviet Reconquest. 4.1 The Social Basis of the Resistance ; 4.2 Anti-Soviet Resistance after the Soviet Reoccupationof the Borderlands ; 4.3 Local Civilians as the Primary Victims of Anti-SovietResistance — 5 Soviet Agrarian Policy as a Pacification Tool — 6 Deportations, "Repatriations", and Other Types of ForcedMigration as Aspects of Security Policy — 7 Amnesties — 8 Red Rurales: The Destruction Battalions — 9 Police Tactics: Actions of NKVD Security Units, IntelligenceGathering, Covert Operations, and Intimidation 9.1 Tactics of the Regular Security Units ; 9.2 Informer Network and Undercover Agents ; 9.3 Covert Operations ; 9.4 Investigation Procedures ; 9.5 Intimidation — 10 The Church in Soviet Security Policy — 11 Violations of Official Policy and Their Impact on Pacification. 11.1 Escalation of Unauthorized Violence from the First to the Second Soviet Occupation ; 11.2 Common Crimes ; 11.3 Crimes Committed During Counterinsurgency Operations ; 11.4 Crimes and Harassment by Civilian Administrators ; 11.5 Government Reaction to the Crimes Committedby its Representatives ; 11.6 Causes for the Failure to Thwart Unauthorized Violence —12 Conclusion: Nationalist Resistance and Soviet Counterinsurgency in the Global Context — Appendix A: Note on Used Terms and Geographicand Personal Names — Appendix B: Note on Primary Sources — Bibliography — Index.
Aneksija; Bažnyčia / Church; Kolektyvinė atsakomybė; Masinė deportacija; Pasienis; Sovietų Sąjunga (SSRS; Soviet Union; USSR).
Annexation; Borderland; Church; Collective responsibility; Mass deportation; Soviet Union.
Summary / Abstract:

ENWhen Soviet partisans made their first deep raids into western Ukraine in early 1943, they met thousands of nationalist guerrillas. Some of them had rifles, often without sights or magazines; others carried only sabers, pikes made out of scythes, axes, or dummy rifles fitted with window bolts imitating a rifle bolt, so they looked real from a distance. They also had a few dummy machine guns with rattles and wheelbarrows equipped with tin funnels amplifying the sound of a rifle shot. The latter were meant to create the impression of artillery cannonade.1 Although the Soviet partisans scorned the weaponry of these guerrillas, they were surprised by the numbers of nationalists and their support from the local population. The partisans had orders to maintain neutrality toward the nationalists; they also had to urge any independent guerrilla force to fight the Germans. The nationalists, however, rejected any cooperation with the Soviets; the armistice between them only lasted for several months.2 After the Red Army reoccupied the territories the USSR had gained in 1939-1940, the Soviet administration faced an armed resistance in all western regions but Moldova. The two arms of the Soviet police, the NKVD and NKGB,3 quickly wrecked the urban nationalist underground, but they could not control rural areas for several years. The guerrilla war remained the major obstacle to the sovietization of these regions until the early 1950s. This book examines the Soviet fight against anti-Communist resistance in western Ukraine, western Belorussia, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia in the period following their incorporation into the USSR after the Nazi-Soviet pact (Figure I.1). [...]. [Extract, p. 1-2]

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