Žaislų naudojimo teisinis reguliavimas

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Žaislų naudojimo teisinis reguliavimas
Esminiai saugos reikalavimai; Specialieji saugos reikalavimai; Žaislas; Žaislo ženklinimas
Essential safety requirements; Labeling of toy; Specific saferty requirements; Specific safety requirements; The essential saferty requirements; Toy
Summary / Abstract:

LTLietuvos rinkai teikiamų žaislų sauga susirūpinta daugiau ne prieš dešimt metų, kai 2003 m. sausio 1d. įsigaliojo pirmasis "Žaislų saugos techninis reglamentas". Keičiantis vartotojų poreikiams ir didėjant gamybos mastams atsirado poreikis dar labiau griežtinti žaislams keliamus reikalavimus, todėl 2011 m. balandžio 1d. buvo priimtas kitas reglamentas. Šis teisės aktas iš esmės praplėtė žaislams keliamus kriterijus, ypač specialiuosius saugos reikalavimus. Nepaisant to, statistiniais Valstybinės ne maisto produktų inspekcijos duomenimis daugiau ne trečdalis patikrintų žaislų neatitinka jiems keliamų reikalavimų, todėl problema dėl nekokybiškų gaminių vis dar išlieka. [Iš leidinio]

ENChildren and toys are two inseparable things, playing child develop physical and mental skills, learn to communicate and share, so it is very imporatant that the toy not only develops skills of a child, it has to be entdanger her health or life. When the toys were started produce faster, there weren‘t talking about safety or hygiene requirements for its. The only requirements for toy were colourful and original. When manufacture of toys was opened, than occurred the need to adjust the quality of products. In 1988 the European Council adopted "Directive on the safety of toys" (88/378/EEC). On the basis of it was adopted "The toys safety technical regulation" in Lithuania. Development of European Union to 27 members resulted the need to harminise laws of members, therefore old directive was changed in 18th of June, 2009. The European Parliament and Council adopted directive "On the safety of toys" (2009/48/EB). Requirements for toys were expended, particular requirement for chemical properties. Directive is apply to the present in all members of the European Union. It's requirements on 1th of April, 2011, has been moved to our national legal system. In European manufacturing of toys employs over 50000 thousand employees, the value in production of toys, every year is about 5.8 billion euro. Nevertheless, China is the largest toys exporter in the world (86% of the world‘s exported toys). Although toy industry is booming, but manufacturs doesn‘t follow toy safety standards, feilure of which causes danger for users life and health. On 2014 The Public inspectorate of non-food was checked 1053 toys, 326 of them had the infringements. In the same year from Lithuania market were removed 55 types of toys, including even 51 from China. In the light of numbers, it is concluded that in our market is a lot of unsafe toys, therefore each user should know how look safe and high-qaulity toy.The aim of this article was to analyze the legal regulation aspects of toys. In order to achieve this aim and tasks, were used comparative, descriptive and analytical methods of literary sources. To achieve aim were raised three tasks: 1) to analyze the concept of toy; 2) to examine the essential safety requirements of toys; 3) to analyze the labelling of toys. [From the publication]

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Related Publications:
Seniausieji Lietuvos žaislai / Povilas Blaževičius. Vilnius : Nacionalinis muziejus Lietuvos Didžiosios Kunigaikštystės valdovų rūmai, 2011. 240 p.
2020-07-28 20:31:10
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