Raštai

Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knyga / Book
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Raštai / Martynas Liudvikas Rėza. T. 3, Traktatai: filologija, teologija, filosofija
Alternative Title:
  • Traktatai: filologija, teologija, filosofija
  • Treatises: philology, philosophy, theology
Editors:
Citavičiūtė, Liucija, sudarymas, vertimas [com, trl]
Publication Data:
Vilnius : Lietuvių literatūros ir tautosakos institutas, 2018.
Pages:
454 p
Notes:
Bibliografija išnašose ir rodyklės.
Contents:
Citavičiūtė, Liucija. Žvilgsnis į nežinomą Rėzos kūrybinio palikimo dalį II. — Putinaitė, Nerija. Rėzos filosofinė disertacija: tarp Kanto ir politikos. — Daugirdas, Kęstutis. Rėzos istorinė–kritinė hermeneutika, jos kontekstas ir konservatyvus profilis.
Keywords:
LT
Imanuelis Kantas (Immanuel Kant); Martynas Liudvikas Rėza (Martin Ludwig Rhesa); Biblija / Bible; Filosofija / Philosophy; Religija / Religion.
Summary / Abstract:

LTReikšminiai žodžiai: Liudvikas Rėza; Immanuel Kant (Imanuelis Kantas); Biblija; Filosofija; Religija; Raštija; Liudvikas Rėza; Immanuel Kant; Bible; Philosophy; Religion; Writing.

ENThis volume of Rėza's Raštai is a continuation of the previous volume. This is the first publication of Lithuanian translations of fourteen yet unknown treatises. They are pieces of philological, theological, and philosophical research carried out between 1807 and 1834. Four treatises are directly related to Rėza's academic career at the University of Karaliaučius: the right to lecture as a Privatdozent and the degree of doctor of theology, the status of professor extraordinary and the degree of doctor of theology, and, finally, the position of full professorship in theology. Some treatises are devoted to research into the history of the Evangelical Lutheran Church or are academic publications of sources and archival documents. Most of the treatises in this volume are anonymous. We encountered the problem of authorship during the preparation of the second volume of Raštai: only one of the treatises in that volume was signed by Rėza. The authorship of others was revealed by Rėza in his other works or it was confirmed by representative nineteenth-century publications: the catalogue Allgemeines Repertorium published in Leipzig and the encyclopaedia Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (http://www.deutsche-biographie.de). Rėza's surname appears six times in the titles of the texts included in the present volume of Raštai. In the titles of two treatises, Rėza's name is inserted in ink (presumably in the nineteenth century or the early twentieth century). Six anonymous treatises published in Karaliaučius are attributed to Rėza's works in the catalogues of foreign libraries. One paper in the present volume, which up until now was attributed to Rėza, was actually penned by Samuel Gottlieb Wald, a professor at the University of Karaliaučius, but Rėza's autobiography in Latin is appended to it.Three texts, references to which were made in the previous volume on the basis of bibliographic descriptions in the catalogues of foreign libraries, had to be withdrawn because analysis showed that two of them were written by other authors and the authorship of the third was not established. About thirty texts written in the course of thirty-one years (from 1807 to 1838) were found. No treatises were found from the period of 1808-1809, but there might not have been any as at that time Rėza had not yet abandoned his position as a preacher, although he already worked as a Privatdozent at the university. The absence of such texts from 1815 to 1818 is also simple to explain as at that time Rėza returned from war and was editing the Lithuanian Bible, writing works related to it, and finishing preparation of Donelaitis' Metai (The Seasons) for printing; he was actively involved in teaching in the faculty of theology and headed the Seminar of the Lithuanian language. It is more difficult to explain the absence of texts (in case there were any at all) from 1821, 1826, 1828, 1831, 1835, and 1837. The last treatise found was published two years before Rėza's death in the summer of 1840. It is known that Rėza's health was quite poor during the last years of his life, so it is possible that this treatise was the last text to be published in his lifetime. Still, assuming that at least one treatise by Rėza was published each year, it is possible that there exist another six to eight unknown texts and the search for them should continue.This volume includes the latest research into Rėza's work. In the article 'Rėzos filosofinė disertacija: tarp Kanto ir politikos' (Rėza's Philosophical Dissertation: Between Kant and Politics)Dr. Nerija Putinaitė reveals Rėza's attempts at an individual interpretation of Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) and analyses the political, academic, and Rėza's attitudinal context at the time when he was preparing his dissertation. She discusses the hermeneutical trends of that time, analyses Rėza's world-view and his personal self-awareness in the context of Kant's broader ideas, raises a hypothesis that Kant's anthropological ideas influenced Rėza's understanding of patriotism and were one of the stimuli for his work in Lithuanian studies. Kęstutis Daugirdas analyses Rėza's dissertations on hermeneutical research in his article 'Rėzos istorinė-kritinė hermeneutika, jos kontekstas ir konservatyvus profilis' (Rėza's Historical-Critical Herme-neutics: Its Context and Conservative Profile). The author observes that Rėza opted for philology-based hermeneutic methodology and expanded it with his historical insights. Generally open to the principles of the evolving historical-critical exegesis, Rėza was inclined to apply them in a conservative and not radically critical form. In this way his hermeneutics reflected the Protestant trends common for his time. Among other influences, they were also shaped by the local theological context of Karaliaučius that was strongly affected by Kant's challenge of ethical-theological hermeneutics. The volume includes recently found reviews of Rėza's works Geschichte der Htthauischen Bibel (1816) and Philologisch-kritische Anmerkungen zur Htthauischen Bibel (1816) by Professor Lebrecht de Wettes from Berlin, which were published in the literary newspaper of Jena Jenaer allgemeine Literaturzeitung in 1818. [From the publication]

ISBN:
9786094250606 (bendras); 9786094252365 (t. 3)
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2022-02-28 21:31:17
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