Notes on Balto-Slavic etymology: Russian norov, mjat’, ruž’ë, dialectal xajat’ ‘to care’, xovat’ ‘to keep’ and their Slavic and Baltic cognates

Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Anglų kalba / English
Title:
Notes on Balto-Slavic etymology: Russian norov, mjat’, ruž’ë, dialectal xajat’ ‘to care’, xovat’ ‘to keep’ and their Slavic and Baltic cognates
In the Journal:
Wiener Slavistisches Jahrbuch [Vienna Slavic Yearbook]. 2013, 1, p. 294-303
Notes:
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Baltų ir slavų santykiai; Baltų kalbos; Baltų-slavų prokalbė; Etimologija; Indoeuropiečių prokalbė; Slavų kalbos; Baltic; Baltic languages; Balto-Slavic; Balto-Slavic relations; Etymology; Indo-European; Proto-Indo-European; Slavic; Slavic languages.
Keywords:
LT
Baltų ir slavų santykiai; Baltų kalbos / Baltic languages; Baltų-slavų prokalbė; Etimologija / Etymology; Indoeuropiečių kabos / Indo-European languages; Slavų kalbos.
EN
Baltic; Balto-Slavic relations; Balto-Slavic; Proto-Indo-European; Slavic languages; Slavic.
Summary / Abstract:

ENThe article discusses the etymologies of the Slavic etyma reflected in Russian norov ‘character, nature’, mjat’ ‘to rumple, break (flax), scutch’, ruž’ë ‘weaponry’, dialectal xajat’ ‘to care’ and xovat’ ‘to keep, hide, steal’. Baltic cognates of the first three are Old Prussian arwis ‘true, real’, Lithuanian mìnti ‘to trample, scutch’ and reñgti ‘to prepare, equip’. In each case existing etymologies are analyzed and a new etymology is proposed. All words are argued to have cognates in other branches of Indo-European. They are derived from Proto-Indo-European *h2er- ‘to fix, adjust, make proper’, *meiH- ‘to diminish’, *uerg-́ ‘to act, work’ and *keh2- ‘to love, care’ respectively. [From the publication]

ISSN:
0084-0041; 2197-1544
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/79547
Updated:
2020-04-04 06:33:34
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