Pension reform in the Baltic States : convergence with "Europe" or with "the world"?

Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Anglų kalba / English
Title:
Pension reform in the Baltic States: convergence with "Europe" or with "the world"?
In the Journal:
Notes:
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Baltijos šalys (Baltic states); Europos socialinis modelis; Konvergencija; Pasaulio banko modelis; Pensijų reforma; Baltic States; Convergence; European social model; Pension reform; World Bank model.
Keywords:
LT
Europos socialinis modelis; Konvergencija; Pasaulio banko modelis; Pensijų reforma.
EN
Convergence; European social model; Pension reform; World Bank model.
Summary / Abstract:

ENThe Baltic States - Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania - join the European Union in 2004. This paper examines pension reform in the three countries over the past decade in the light of the “European social model” and the “World Bank model”. Part one seeks to define these two models. It shows how the former emphasizes income adequacy and solidarity while the latter stresses fiscal sustainability, savings and economic growth. Part two looks at reforms made and proposed. Initial reforms involved rising the retirement age and relating benefits more closely to earnings and service. This resulted in the establishment of pension systems similar to those in many European countries. Subsequent reforms involved attempts to shift from a publicly financed, purely “pay-as-you-go” system to one based upon “funding” and private, individual accounts. Such systems have been promoted by the World Bank. The appropriateness of this approach - its high transition costs, potentially high administration costs, and longer-term implications for the relative income status of retired people - is questioned. Part three draws conclusions. In the short and medium term, policymakers should safeguard income adequacy rather than seek the doubtful advantages of funding - in other words, look more to “Europe” than to “the world”. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1468-246X
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/77103
Updated:
2020-07-09 21:13:41
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