Stosunki międzypaństwowe Polski z Ukrainą, Białorusią i Litwą po 1990 roku w kontekście sytuacji mniejszości narodowych

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lenkų kalba / Polish
Stosunki międzypaństwowe Polski z Ukrainą, Białorusią i Litwą po 1990 roku w kontekście sytuacji mniejszości narodowych
Alternative Title:
Polish interstate relations with Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania after 1990 in the context of national minorities
In the Journal:
Studia z Geografii Politycznej i Historycznej. 2012, t. 1, p. 139-166. [Studies in political and historical geography]
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Lenkija (Lenkijos karalystė. Kingdom of Poland. Poland); Nacionaliniai interesai; Tarpvalstybiniai santykiai; Tautinės mažumos; Ukraina (Ukraine); Užsienio politika; Foreign policy; Interstate relations; Lithuania; National interests; National minorities; Baltarusija (Belarus).
Etninės mažumos. Tautinės mažumos / Ethnic minorities. National minorities; Nacionaliniai interesai; Tarpvalstybiniai santykiai; Užsienio politika / Foreign policy.
Interstate relations; National interests.
Summary / Abstract:

ENIn the early 1990s, significant changes in the political and geopolitical situation in Central and Eastern Europe occurred: the collapse of communist rule, the unification of Germany, the collapse of the Soviet Union and the dissolution of Czechoslovakia. The creation, over a short time, of a number of independent nation-states in the immediate vicinity of Poland had a vast influence on individual national minorities, especially those living near the borders. There were huge changes to the political and economic relations between democratic Poland and its newly independent neighbours and, to a large extent, between individual nations, now divided by borders. The process of expanding the area of European integration began, which led, after a dozen or so years, to the inclusion of some Central and Eastern European countries in the NATO and EU structures, while leaving some of those countries outside the zone of political, economic and military integration, thus creating new division lines in the new political and legal reality. One consequence of the contemporary processes of political, economic and military integration of the European continent is the strengthening of its division into the Western Europe (in its widest meaning) and the Eastern Europe (not included in the integration process). At the Polish border with Belarus and Ukraine, the line of the modern division, strengthened in the literal (technical measures to protect the borders) and legal sense (visa regulations) overlaps with the civilisation, cultural and religious division line that has been shaped over the ages.Despite the claims from the government in Warsaw of “Polish eastern policy”, we can see a clear turn towards “western policy”. In political, military and economic sense, Poland is clearly facing west, which results in turning away from its eastern neighbours, which is particularly disadvantageous for political and geopolitical reasons. Despite spectacular attempts by various governments to revive the cooperation, especially with Ukraine and Lithuania, Poland does not currently have any arguments, especially economic or financial ones, to conduct an effective, pragmatic eastern policy, and not a policy based on historical sentiments. When we compare the contemporary ethnic structure and national policy of Poland and its eastern neighbours, we can see clear asymmetry in both quantitative and legalinstitutional aspects. There is currently a markedly smaller population of Ukrainians, Belarusians and Lithuanians living in Poland than the Polish population in the territories of our eastern neighbours. At the same time, the national minorities in Poland enjoy wider rights and better conditions to operate than Poles living in Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania. [From the publication]

2300-0562; 2450-0127
Related Publications:
Sytuacja mniejszości narodowych w Polsce i na Litwie - studium porównawcze / Marek Barwiński, Katarzyna Leśniewska. Przegląd geograficzny, 2014, t. 86, z. 4, p. 499-524.
2020-04-24 06:49:18
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