Latvijos vietovardžiai su -g-, -k- šaknyje: lituanizmų problema

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knygos dalis / Part of the book
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Latvijos vietovardžiai su -g-, -k- šaknyje: lituanizmų problema
Alternative Title:
Latvian place-names containing -g-, -k- in their root: the Lithuanian aspect
Etimologija; Latvijos vietovardžiai; Latvių kalba; Lietuvių kalba; Lituanizmai; Vietovardžiai; Šaknis; Žiemgalių kaųba.
Etymology; Latvian; Latvian language; Latvian toponyms; Lithuanian language; Lithuanianisms; Lithuanisms; Root; Semigallians; Toponyms.
Summary / Abstract:

ENThe article is devoted to Latvian toponyms of possible Lithuanian origin. There are phonetical, lexical and morphological criteria for determining Lithuanianisms. Usually, the preserved consonants -g-, -k- before the front vowels in Latvian are assumed as one of the clear features of possible Lithuanianisms. However, this feature can also testify to ancient traces of the Semigallians. Also, many loan names from Finno-Ugric or Germanic languages have these palatalized consonants -g-, -k-. This is a rather complicated problem of etymologization: approximately half of these Latvian toponyms in the Dictionary of Latvian Place-names (LVv) lack etymological information. Nevertheless, there are many parallels with Lithuanian appellatives, personal names or toponyms. Some of these hypothetical Lithuanisms could be called indirect loan names because they are derived from Latvian appellatives of Lithuanian origin. The most credible borrowed Latvian place-names, which conform to at least two criteria (phonetical and lexical; phonetical and morphological; or, lexical and morphological) and the localization of which is close to the border with Lithuania are the most credible borrowings from Lithuanian. [From the publication]

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2020-03-13 11:35:59
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