Uczestnicy sejmików kowieńskich w czasach Augusta III i Stanisława Augusta Poniatowskiego - teoria i praktyka

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lenkų kalba / Polish
Title:
Uczestnicy sejmików kowieńskich w czasach Augusta III i Stanisława Augusta Poniatowskiego - teoria i praktyka
Alternative Title:
Participants in Kowno "sejmiki" in the times of Augustus III and Stanisław II Augustus: theory and praxis
In the Journal:
Rocznik Lituanistyczny. 2016, 2, p. 127-142
Notes:
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Bajorija; Kaunas; Kauno pavietas; Kauno seimeliai; Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė (LDK; Grand Duchy of Lithuania; GDL); Maršalka; Pareigūnas; Seimeliai; Šlėkta; Kaunas; Kaunas district; Kaunas sejmiki; Kowno; Marshal; Nobility; Officials; Sejmiks (Dietines); Szlachta.
Keywords:
LT
Bajorai, didikai ir magnatai / Nobles and magnates; Kauno pavietas; Kauno seimeliai; Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė (Lietuva; LDK; Grand Duchy of Lithuania; GDL); Maršalka; Pareigūnas; Seimeliai.
EN
Kaunas district; Kaunas sejmiki; Kowno; Marshal; Officials; Sejmiks (Dietines); Szlachta.
Summary / Abstract:

ENThe author aims at describing the participants in the sejmiki (dietines) of the Kowno (Kaunas) district, firstly – evaluating their approximate number. She makes use of narrative sources, stressing however their subjectivism and limited reliability. She analyses also the number of signatures in the sejmik records of diverse types, sources incomplete and rather unreliable, nonetheless giving information closest to the facts. It turns out that the number of signatures varied from up to ten at peaceful sejmiki, many a time signed only by the most important persons, up to several thousand in cases of turbulent, split sessions. Furthermore, the question of participation of the diff erent social groups in sejmiki is raised, among others of people without possessions, who were oft en illegally manipulated by rival factions. Analysing the social groups listed in the formulas opening the sejmik records, the author comes to the conclusion, that senators participated in the sejmiki rarely, dignitaries a little more oft en. Members of the clergy are mentioned scarcely at all. Officials from the Kowno district appear without regularity, especially those of lower ranks. Fairly common is the signature of the presiding marshal. The matter of who was to lead the session in absence of the marshal is considered. Th e author points also to the presence of representatives of other districts at Kowno sejmiki, as well as nobles in military service. Finally, the scant existing piece of information is gathered, giving evidence on persons having an actual impact on the sessions. Their number was small, whereas regular participants were several dozen. [From the publication]

DOI:
10.12775/RL.2016.2.06
ISSN:
2450-8446; 2450-8454
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/70378
Updated:
2022-04-21 15:24:40
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