A Review of the earliest evidence of agriculture in Lithuania and the earliest direct AMS date on cereal

Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Anglų kalba / English
Title:
A Review of the earliest evidence of agriculture in Lithuania and the earliest direct AMS date on cereal
In the Journal:
European journal of archaeology . 2018, vol. 21, no. 2, p. 264-279
Summary / Abstract:

ENCurrent knowledge of the beginnings of crop cultivation in Lithuania is based mainly on Cerealia-type pollen data supplemented by other indirect evidence such as agricultural tools. We argue that these records, predating carbonized remains of cultivated plants, are not substantial enough indicators of the early stages of agriculture in Lithuania. Here, we demonstrate that the macroremains of cultural plants that were previously reported from two Neolithic settlements in Lithuania were either mistakenly identified as domestic crops or incorrectly ascribed to the Neolithic period due to movement through the stratigraphic sequence and the absence of direct dating of cereal grains. Furthermore, we present a charred Hordeum vulgare grain from the Bronze Age settlement of Kvietiniai in western Lithuania. It was AMS-dated to 1392–1123 cal BC, and at present represents the earliest definite evidence for a crop in the eastern Baltic region. We conclude that, presently, there are no grounds to suggest that crop cultivation took place in Lithuania during the Neolithic. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1461-9571
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/69706
Updated:
2020-03-02 21:00:38
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