Memorandumai Prezidentui Antanui Smetonai : opozicijos vienijimosi pradžia

Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Memorandumai Prezidentui Antanui Smetonai: opozicijos vienijimosi pradžia
Alternative Title:
Memoranda to president Smetona by the opposition leaders: the start of uniting the opposition
In the Journal:
Parlamento studijos. 2016, Nr. 21, p. 136-167
Keywords:
LT
Koalicija; Memorandumai; Memorandumas; Opozicijos lyderiai; Antanas Smetona; Seimas; Tautininkų partija; Vyriausybė.
EN
Coalition; Government; Memoranda; Memorandum; Nationalist Party; Opposition leaders; President A. Smetona; Seimas.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje analizuojami opozicijos lyderių memorandumai Lietuvos Respublikos Prezidentui Antanui Smetonai, rašyti 1935–1938 metais, atskleidžiamos jų atsiradimo priežastys, parodoma Vyriausybės reakcija ir veiksmai prieš memorandumus pasirašiusius asmenis. Autoritarizmo laikotarpiu opozicinių partijų lyderiai, nepaisydami valdžios represijų, reaguodavo į svarbius Lietuvos vidaus ir užsienio politikos įvykius kalbėdami partijos narių susirinkimuose, darydami pranešimus opozicijos renginiuose, taip pat rašydami memorandumus Prezidentui Antanui Smetonai. 1935–1938 m. Prezidentui buvo įteikti trys opozicijos lyderių pasirašyti memorandumai. Tautininkų Vyriausybė ėmėsi sankcijų prieš pasirašiusius asmenis stengdamasi valdžią išlaikyti savo rankose. [Iš leidinio]

ENMemoranda to President Smetona by the opposition leaders: the start of uniting the opposition The article analyses the memoranda of the opposition leaders to Antanas Smetona, President of the Republic of Lithuania, written in 1935–1938. It identifies reasons of their origin as well as reveals the Government’s reaction and actions in regard to the persons who signed them. During the period of authoritarianism, the leaders of the opposition parties, despite repressions, responded to the ongoing home and foreign developments by their speeches in the party meetings, reports made in the events organized by the opposition and by writing memoranda to the President. In the years 1935-1938 the president was presented with three memoranda signed by the opposition leaders, which started a regular cooperation between the leaders of the Christian Democratic and Peasant populists parties. The Government led by the Nationalist Party resorted to sanctions against the signatories of the memoranda and issued some antidemocratic laws to suppress the opposition and to retain power in their hands. That weakened the influence of the Christian Democratic and Peasant Populists parties on the society; therefore, they formed a coalition with the supporters of Voldemaras. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1648-9896
Related Publications:
Klaipėdos krašto Seimelis: 1935 m. rinkimai / Ieva Deviatnikovaitė. Logos (Vilnius). 2019, 98, p. 181-194.
Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/68389
Updated:
2021-03-22 10:36:04
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